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1600s to 1815

Spain builds the Manila-Acapulco Trade enabled by their powerful galleon ships and the two colonies they control at each end of the long Pacific voyage: the Philippines in Asia and Mexico in the New World.

Chinese artifacts found in gravesite located in the Philippines.

The East/West Manila-Acapulco Trade is preceded by centuries of INTRA-ASIAN movements of people and goods: migrant/settler merchants, craftsmen, laborers and exchanges of goods and ideas between the countries of Asia including China, India, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Intra-Asian goods now have an outlet to other markets and the Philippines becomes Asia’s hub for global trading of goods gathered from the Asian continent and subcontinent.

Philippines also has ethnic/racial Mestizo mixings of peoples distinctive to them: mixes of indigenous people (Indios), Chinese, Malayo-Polynesian and Spaniards, as well as associated belief systems including Muslim, Chinese syncretic, Catholic, etc. in source.