From the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board of Education
“In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably
be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of
an education. Such an opportunity... is a right which must be made
available to all on equal terms...
Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis
of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible"
factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group
of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does...
We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.
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the full Supreme Court text of Brown vs. Board of Education (pdf)