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Beyond Brown: Pursuing the Promise Image Strip of Linda Brown walking to school, girl taking test at desk, Nettie Hunt and daughter with newspaper headline on steps of Supreme Court, present day children raising hands, children at computers
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Ability Tracking Links and Articles | “METCO Links and Articles” | School Financing Links and Articles | Testing Links and Articles | Also on PBS | General Brown Articles

Ability Tracking Links and Articles Online

UCLA's Institute for Democracy Education & Access (IDEA)
IDEA is a network of UCLA scholars and students, professionals in schools and public agencies, advocates, community activists, and urban youth. IDEA's mission is to make high quality public schooling and successful college participation routine occurrence in low income neighborhoods of color.

Online Journal of UCLA's IDEA
Teaching to Change LA (TCLA) is an online journal that addresses educational conditions in Los Angeles schools. K-12 students, parents, teachers, guest contributors, and researchers provide the content for the journal, which is published by UCLA/IDEA eight times a year with weekly updates. Journal readers include those who learn and teach in Los Angeles schools, local and state policymakers and legislators, and readers from across the country.

UC ACCORD (All Campus Consortium On Research for Diversity)
UC Accord is an interdisciplinary, multi-campus research center devoted to a more equitable distribution of educational resources and opportunities in California's diverse public schools and universities.

Tia Chuchas / Luis Rodriguez, Author/Activist
Tia Chucha's Centro Cultural is a not-for-profit learning and cultural arts center. “We support and promote the continued growth, development and holistic learning of our community through the many powerful means of the arts. The Centro provides a positive space for people to activate what we all share as human beings: The capacity to create, to imagine and to express ourselves in an effort to improve the quality of life for our community.”

Anti-Oppressive Education
The Center for Anti-Oppressive Education (CAOE) believes, “that the quality of education cannot improve unless we commit to challenging the racism, classism, sexism, and other oppressions that permeate our schools and societies.” Through its projects on research, curriculum, professional development, and local advocacy, CAOE develops and provides innovative resources for educators, leaders, students, and advocates throughout the United States and the world.

Californians for Justice Education Fund
Californians for Justice is a 7 year old statewide grassroots organization working to empower communities that have been pushed to the margins of the political process. “We bring people of color, young people, and poor people together by leading large-scale community education efforts, training a new generation of grassroots civil rights leaders, and mobilizing public support for major public policy change in California.”

Californians for Justice organizes youth and parents on statewide and local campaigns, including last year's successful statewide campaign to oppose and postpone the California High School Exit Exam.

California ACORN
ACORN, the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, is the nation's largest community organization of low and moderate-income families, with over 150,000 member families organized into 700 neighborhood chapters in 51 cities across the country.

“Our priorities include: better housing for first time homebuyers and tenants, living wages for low-wage workers, more investment in our communities from banks and governments, and better public schools. We achieve these goals by building community organizations that have the power to win changes — through direct action, negotiation, legislation, and voter participation.”

Public Advocates
Public Advocates, Inc. is one of the oldest public interest law firms in the nation. It was founded in 1971 to challenge the persistent, underlying causes and effects of poverty and discrimination and to work for the empowerment of the poor and people of color by raising a voice for social justice in government, corporate and other institutions. Today, its current efforts focus on education, health care, telecommunications, employment and insurance redlining. As in its last three decades, Public Advocates is committed to working on issues that are relevant to poor, underrepresented communities.

Advancement Project
Advancement Project is a democracy and justice action group. Using law, public policy and strategic communications, Advancement Project acts in partnership with local communities to advance universal opportunity, equity and access for those left behind in America.

U.S. School Segregation Now At '69 Level, by Michael Dobbs.
The Washington Post, January 18, 2004.

A Latino Perspective: The Impact of Brown vs. Board of Education
by Elias Garcia. The Brown Quarterly, Fall 1999 edition.

School Integration Helps in Game of Life, by Greg Toppo. USA Today, April 14, 2004.

Education Week
Issue brief on ability tracking

METCO Links and Articles Online

Metropolitan Council for Educational Opportunity Inc.
METCO's mission is to provide, through professional leadership and voluntary citizen action, the development and promotion of quality integrated educational opportunities for urban and suburban students in the Greater Boston community and to work towards the expansion of a collaborative education program with the Boston and suburban school systems.

Frequently Asked Question about METCO, Massachusetts Dept. of Education
Government website for Massachusett's Department of Education. Includes information about the METCO program.

Voters back Metco 2 to 1
By Matt McDonald, Globe Correspondent, 4/1/2004

School Financing Links and Articles Online

New Visions for Public Schools
New Visions for Public Schools, founded in 1989, is the largest education reform organization dedicated to improving the quality of education children receive in New York City's public schools. Working with the public and private sectors, New Visions develops programs and policies to energize teaching and learning and to raise the level of student achievement.

Alliance for Quality Education
The Alliance for Quality Education (AQE), a not-for-profit corporation, is a statewide coalition of over 230 organizations of parents, children's advocates, schools, teachers, clergy, labor unions, business leaders and others.

ACORN, the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now, is the nation's largest community organization of low and moderate-income families, with over 150,000 member families organized into 700 neighborhood chapters in 51 cities across the country.

“Our priorities include: better housing for first time homebuyers and tenants, living wages for low-wage workers, more investment in our communities from banks and governments, and better public schools. We achieve these goals by building community organizations that have the power to win changes — through direct action, negotiation, legislation, and voter participation.”

Mothers on the Move
Mothers on the Move is a social justice community organization organizing to build a just society where there is equal economic, social and political opportunity for all.

Educational Priorities Panel
The goal of the Educational Priorities Panel is to improve the quality of public education for New York City's children so that there is no longer a performance gap between city schools and those in the rest of the state. EPP pursues this goal by seeking reforms of federal, state and city budget and administrative practices affecting children.

Campaign for Fiscal Equity
The Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., a not-for-profit corporation, is a coalition of parent organizations, community school boards, concerned citizens and advocacy groups. “We seek to reform New York State's school finance system to ensure adequate resources and the opportunity for a sound basic education for all students in New York City.”

New York City Department of Education
Provides public school profiles by district and borough.

Great Schools
A nonprofit organization, provides information about public, private and charter schools in all 50 states and detailed school profiles for California, Arizona, Texas, Florida and Washington.

Study: NY dropout rate high, by Kimberly Atkins. January 18, 2004. The Journal News.

Public Schools Racial Balance Fading, Study Says. March 22, 2004. Associated Press.

Mayor Names Cityís 12 Most Dangerous Schools
By Dave Evans. January 5, 2004.

Councilman Begins March to Albany, by Ellen Yan staff writer. May 1, 2003.

Testing Links and Articles Online

Florida Coalition for Assessment Reform
The Florida Coalition for Assessment Reform, Inc. (FCAR) is a grassroots not-for-profit organization that provides resources and assistance to parents, teachers, students, and other citizens who support constructive assessment.

Manhattan Institute
The Manhattan Instiitute is a think tank whose mission is to develop and disseminate new ideas that foster greater economic choice and individual responsibility.

National Board on Education Testing and Public Policy
The National Board on Educational Testing and Public Policy monitors tests for appropriate use and technical adequacy. The Board focuses primarily on tests that are highly consequential for students, teachers, and schools. These include tests used in making admissions, promotion, or graduation decisions and tests used to evaluate schools and school reform.

American Educational Research Association
The American Educational Research Association is concerned with improving the educational process by encouraging scholarly inquiry related to education and by promoting the dissemination and practical application of research results.

Fair Test
The National Center for Fair & Open Testing (FairTest) works to end the misuses and flaws of standardized testing and to ensure that evaluation of students, teachers and schools is fair, open, valid and educationally beneficial.

“We place special emphasis on eliminating the racial, class, gender, and cultural barriers to equal opportunity posed by standardized tests, and preventing their damage to the quality of education. Based on Goals and Principles, we provide information, technical assistance and advocacy on a broad range of testing concerns, focusing on three areas: K-12, university admissions, and employment tests.”

Study Warns About School Achievement Scores, by Jay Mathews. The Washington Post, April 13, 2004.

Politics of FCAT Shadow Election, by Matthew Waite. The St. Petersburg Times, April 18, 2004.

Study Says U.S. Should Set High-School Standards res=F30E13FE3F5E0C738DDDAB0894DC404482

Also on PBS:

FRONTLINE: The Battle Over School Choice
A FRONTLINE report on the debate over what is needed to improve public schools and public education and examines the various education reform initiatives being tested and touted.

FRONTLINE: Testing Our Schools
Around the country, as many states have already begun to put testing and "accountability" measures in place, educators and test experts are raising serious questions. Can standardized achievement tests really measure the quality of a school? How does the intense pressure to raise test scores affect the quality of teaching and learning in the classroom? What are the challenges of setting academic standards in the first place?

FRONTLINE: A Class Divided
On the day after Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968, Jane Elliott's third graders from the small, all-white town of Riceville, Iowa, came to class confused and upset. They recently had made King their "Hero of the Month," and they couldn't understand why someone would kill him. So Elliott decided to teach her class a daring lesson in the meaning of discrimination. She wanted to show her pupils what discrimination feels like, and what it can do to people.

General Brown Articles
What follows is a partial list of articles exploring the issues addressed in Beyond Brown in greater depth.

Education Week on the Web

National Public Radio (NPR)

“How Desegregation Changed Us”
Amy Stuart Wells, Teachers College, Columbia University

“... school desegregation fundamentally changed the people who lived through it, yet had a more limited impact on the larger society. Public schools faced enormous challenges during the late 1970s as educators tried to facilitate racial integration amid a society that remained segregated in terms of housing, social institutions, and often employment. Nonetheless, desegregation made the vast majority of the students who attended these schools less racially prejudiced and more comfortable around people of different backgrounds. After high school, however, their lives have been far more segregated as they re-entered a more racially divided society.”

“Dear Zora: A letter to Zora Neale Hurston 50 Years After Brown”
from Working Method: Social Justice and Social Research,
Michelle Fine et al, CUNY.

In 1954, author Zora Neale Hurston wrote a letter to the editor questioning the importance of school integration. Her letter began: “I promised God and some other responsible characters, including a bench of bishops, that I was not going to part my lips concerning the U.S. Supreme Court decision on ending segregation in the public schools of the South. But since a lot of time has passed and no one seems to touch on what to me appears to be the most important point in the hassle, I break my silence just this once. Consider me as just thinking out loud... I regard the ruling of the U.S. Supreme Court as insulting rather than honoring my race.”
To download a pdf of this article, written as a response to Hurston, click here.

“The Alchemy of Integrated Spaces: Youth Participation in Research Collectives of Difference”
from Beyond Silenced Voices, Maria Elena Torre, CUNY
In the summer of 2003 researchers at The Graduate Center of the City University of New York brought together a diverse group of young people, elders, social scientists, spoken word artists, dancers, choreographers and a video crew to learn about the legal, social and political history of segregation and integration of public schools.
To download a pdf of this article, click here.

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