Carl Murphy (1889-1967)
Carl Murphy was born in Baltimore, Maryland on January 17, 1889 to John Henry Murphy Sr. and Martha Howard Murphy, and was educated at Howard University (1911), Harvard University (1913) and at the University of Jena in Berlin (1913). He served as professor of German and chairman of the German department at Howard University between 1913 and 1918, and in that year joined the staff of The Afro-American. He became the editor-publisher of the paper following the death of his father in 1922 and developed it into one of the largest circulated black newspapers in the nation. Carl Murphy also helped to build the Maryland branch of the NAACP into one of the largest in the country. He was the 40th recipient of the NAACP's prestigious Spingarn Medal.
He died on February 26, 1967.