Circle of Stories

An Electric Shadows Project Presented by ITVS Interactive

Our deepest gratitude to Rosella Goodwill Archdale, Hoskie Benally, Corbin Harney and Tchin for sharing their lives and their culture.


Created and Produced by

Philomath Films Hank Rogerson and Jilann Spitzmiller

Co-Producers and
Cultural Consultants

The Cultural Conservancy Melissa Nelson (Turtle Mountain Chippewa), Executive Director
Phillip M. Klasky, Director, The Storyscape Project

Hank Rogerson
Jilann Spitzmiller
Melissa Nelson
Phillip M. Klasky

Videography and Editing
Jilann Spitzmiller

Hank Rogerson
Jilann Spitzmiller

Additional Photography
Eugene Cody (Hopi)
Melissa Nelson
Philip M. Klasky
Shana Hagan
Maureen Fennelli
Pat McGann
Denver Public Library Archives
Vicki Hart
Guy Tyler
Sandra Wong Geroux
Lisa Geroux
Jim Bruggers
Steven Nourse

Linda Yamane (Rumsien Ohlone)

Jacqueline Richard
Paula Dove Jennings (Narragansett), Narragansett Tribal Council member
Shelley Slim (Navajo)
Rosella Archdale (Lakota/Dakota)

Otis Parrish (Kashaya Pomo)

Additional Writing and Research
Hugh Margesson

Navajo Translation
Raymond Keeswood (Navajo)

Translation Recordist
Adrianne McCurrach

Editing Facilities Provided by
Beverly Jones

Design Support
Tailinh Agoyo (Narragansett/Blackfeet)

Production Support
Colin Farish
Plainsboro Public Library
Laura Steinhoff
Liza Bambenek

Presented by

ITVS Interactive

Cathy R. Fischer

Production Department Liaison
Robby Fahey

Content Editor
Amy Durgan

Technical Consultant
Reema Tarzi

Writer (Lesson Plans)
Betsy Norris

Educational Consultants
Sonnett-Dunstan Media Group

Designed and Developed by

Second Story Studios

Creative Director
Brad Johnson

Studio Director
Julie Beeler

Aleen Adams

Martin Linde
Jamal Qutub

Seb Chevrel
David Brewer

Martin Linde

Production Assistant
David Waingarten


Storytelling Gallery

‘The storyteller is one whose spirit...’ by N. Scott Momaday. From “Native American Stories” from Keepers of the Earth by Michael Caduto and Joseph Bruchac, ©1991. Fulcrum Publishing.

‘The intimate hours I spent with my grandmother...’ From “Grandmother to granddaughter: Generations of oral history in a Dakota family” by Angela Cavender Wilson. From American Indian Quarterly, Vol 20, Issue 1. Used by permission of the University of Nebraska Press.

‘Ceremony’ From Ceremony by Leslie Marmon Silko, ©1977. Used by permission of The Wylie Agency, Inc.

‘A Postcolonial Tale’ by Joy Harjo From Of Earth and Elders—Visions and Voices from Native America by Serle Chapman, Mountain Press Publishing Company ©1998. Permission granted by Joy Harjo.

‘A single knoll rises...’ From The Way to Rainy Mountain by N. Scott Momaday. Used by permission of the University of New Mexico Press, ©1969.

‘You have noticed that everything an Indian does is in a circle...’ From Black Elk Speaks by John G. Neihardt. Used by permission of the University of Nebraska Press.

“How Hummingbird Got Fire,” by Linda Yamanen. Permission granted by author.

“Raven’s Bag of Stars,” “Killer Whale Wood,” and “They Call Them Birds,” from Meditations with Animals: A Native American Bestiary. Tlingit and Chickasaw stories adapted by Gerald Hausman, Bear & Company, a division of Inner Traditions, Bear & Co., Rochester, VT 05767, ©1986 by Gerald Hausman.

“Birdfoot’s Grampa” by Joseph Bruchac. From “Native American Stories” from Keepers of the Earth by Michael Caduto and Joseph Bruchac. ©1991, Fulcrum Publishing.

“Lizard Amulet Bag and Turtle Amulet,” by Rosella Goodwill Archdale. Permission granted by author.

Culture Gallery

‘Regardless of what Indians have said...’ From Red Earth, White Lies by Vine Deloria. Used by permission from Fulcrum Publishing, ©1997.

‘American Indians hold their lands...’ From God is Red by Vine Deloria. Dell Books ©1975.

‘In this century the population...’ From Spider Woman’s Granddaughters by Paula Gunn Allen. Reprinted by permission of Sanford J. Greenburger Associates. ©1989

‘We are caribou people...’ by Sarah James. Permission granted by author.

‘To restore our lands, we need to sing...’ by Otis Parrish. Permission granted by author.

‘These songs are very powerful...’ by Vivienne-Caron Jake. Permission granted by author.

‘At Creation, Great Creator...’ by Henrietta Mann. Permission granted by author.

‘For people with oral traditions...’ by Phil Klasky. Permission granted by author.

‘The attempted transformation of the Indian...’ by Chief Luther Standing Bear. Excerpted from Wisdom of Native Americans. Edited by Kent Nerburn, ©1999. Used with permission from New World Library, Novato, California 94949.

“Brothers and Sisters...” by the Haudenosaunee Declaration of the Iroquois. From Akwesasne Notes, Spring 1979. Used by permission from Akwesasne Notes Bookstore/Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs.

Additional Quotes

“Do the rocks here know us...” excerpt from End Notes from The Last Report on the Miracles at Little No Horse by Louise Erdrich. Copyright ©2001 by Louise Erdrich. Used by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Inc.

“East of my grandmother’s house...” From The Way to Rainy Mountain by N. Scott Momaday. Used by permission of the University of New Mexico Press, ©1969.

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the Corporation for Public Broadcasting,
a private corporation funded by the American people (