episode charts the dramatic events that led to Lincoln’s
decision to set the slaves free. Convinced by July 1862
that emancipation was now morally and militarily crucial
to the future of the Union, Lincoln must wait for a
victory to issue his proclamation. But as the year wears
on there are no Union victories to be had, thanks to
the brilliance of Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee.
The episode comes to a climax in September 1862 with
Lee’s invasion of Maryland. On the banks of Antietam
Creek, the bloodiest day of the war takes place, followed
shortly by the brightest: the emancipation of the slaves.
Detailed Episode Description
with time code:
Photography and the war.
3.1 Chapter 1 - THE CIVIL WAR Series Title
Lincoln realizes that emancipation will be needed to
win the war.
3.2 Chapter 2 - 1862 Forever Free :04:55
The Union army is stalled outside Richmond. Meanwhile,
Confederate General Stonewall Jackson is on the attack
in the Shenandoah Valley.
3.3 Chapter 3 - Stonewall :05:31
Stonewall Jackson, a "pious, blue-eyed killer"
triumphs in his Valley Campaign, successfully keeping
Union troops off the Peninsula. The South cuts cotton
production to pressure England and France into recognizing
the Confederacy. Lincoln has to find a way to keep Europe
from coming in on the side of the Confederate government.
3.4 Chapter 4 - The Beast :10:56
General Benjamin Butler is put in charge of the Union
occupation of New Orleans. When local women insult his
troops, he issues "General Order No. 28."
Nearby, unrest grows among slaves on the plantations.
Lincoln backs a plan to encourage freed slaves to return
3.5 Chapter 5 - The Seven Days :16:47
Union and Rebel troops clash outside Richmond. Confederate
commander Joseph Johnston is seriously wounded and Robert
E. Lee takes charge. When Lee and McClellan clash for
seven days, every battle except one is a Union victory,
but McClellan retreats down the Peninsula and all the
way back to Washington.
3.6 Chapter 6 - Kiss Daniel For Me
:24:17 - :32:09
When the Union army occupies the Southern coast, plantation
owners flee, leaving behind 110,000 slaves. The pressure
for emancipation grows. Deer Isle, Maine loses its first
soldiers, and in Clarksville, Tennessee, tensions run
high between occupying Northern troops and local citizens.
Lincoln decides to emancipate slaves but his cabinet
advises him to wait for a military victory.
3.7 Chapter 7 - Saving the Union
Lincoln replaces McClellan with John Pope, who leads
the army to the second Battle of Bull Run-another Union
disaster. Lincoln reluctantly reinstates McClellan.
Robert E. Lee decides to invade the North and, heading
for the federal rail center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania,
takes up positions in Sharpsburg, Maryland, in front
of Antietam creek. McClellan arrives with vastly superior
3.8 Chapter 8 - Antietam :44:40
The Battle of Antietam, a costly Union victory, is the
bloodiest day in American history. The next day, Lee
and his army slip back across the Potomac River. Introduction
to Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Union officer from Maine.
Lincoln permanently removes McClellan from command.
Photographer Mathew Brady opens a landmark exhibition
in New York-"The Dead of Antietam."
3.9 Chapter 9 - The Higher Object 1:02:11
U.S. Grant tries to conquer Vicksburg, Mississippi,
but fails. Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation,
September 22, 1862. "The war is ennobled, the object
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Educator's Index PDF (208k)
[The Educator's Index is an alphabetical and timecode specific listing of topics covered in each episode.]