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1869
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WORLD EVENTS: 1869 WORLD EVENTS
  • Ulysses S. Grant is inaugurated as the 18th President

  • The first U.S. patent for a suction vacuum cleaner is awarded to Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago, IL

  • Virginia is granted representation in the U.S. Congress on condition that the members of the Virginia legislature take an oath never to amend their constitution to deny blacks the right to vote, hold office, or gain an education

  • Mississippi is granted representation in the U.S. Congress. The provisions are the same as those contained in the bill admitting Virginia, except that the representatives are permitted an affirmation instead of an oath.

  • Texas is granted representation in the U.S. Congress. The provisions are the same as those contained in the bill admitting Mississippi.

  • Fifteenth Amendment is adopted. It stipulates that no state shall deprive any citizen of the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

  • Georgia is granted representation in the U.S. Congress

  • Corcoran Art Gallery, in Washington, D.C., is incorporated by an act of Congress. William C. Corcoran, a financier, gives $300,000 to build the gallery, which is completed in 1859. During the Civil War it had been used for military purposes. Corcoran also gives $1,000,000 to acquire a collection, as well as 79 paintings from his own collection.

  • Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins

  • The first boardwalk in America is completed at Atlantic City, NJ

  • Whistler's Mother is exhibited by James McNeil Whistler at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. It is entitled Arrangement in Grey and Black.

  • The first Grand Central Station opens in New York City, with tracks running into a huge vault of open webbed wrought iron. The building is demolished later to make way for the present terminal.

  • Suez Canal opens

  • First U.S. Transcontinental Railroad completed.

  • Mendeleev's Periodic Table of Elements developed
  • 1869
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