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  • Sigmund Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams published

  • The Fauvist movement in painting begins, led by Henri Matisse

  • Cotton textile mills are built in the South as well as the North, and by 1900 the two regions use 3,500,000 bales of cotton a year
  • 1900
  • For the third time in the nation's history a President is assassinated. On Sept. 6 President William McKinley visits the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, NY. While greeting visitors he is shot twice in the abdomen by a young anarchist, Leon Czolgosz, who is carrying a concealed pistol in a handkerchief. McKinley dies on Sept. 14 and is succeeded by Vice President Theodore Roosevelt, who becomes the 26th President of the United States.

  • Queen Victoria dies and is succeeded by her son, Edward VII

  • A report of yellow fever read by the Yellow Fever Commission to the Pan-American Medical Congress at Havana, Cuba, describes experiments proving for the first time that the disease is transmitted by a mosquito.
  • 1901
  • The third glider built by Orville and Wilbur Wright, designed by the brothers according to new calculations of pressure, drift, and resistance, is flown successfully at Kitty Hawk, NC. During September and October they make nearly 1000 flights, several of more than 600 feet.

  • Aswan Dam completed

  • Enrico Caruso's first gramophone recording
  • 1902
  • The first power-controlled plane flies at Kitty Hawk

  • Joseph Pulitzer announces his intention of establishing a Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University. He leaves $2,000,000 for the school in his will.

  • The Ford Motor Company is organized by Henry Ford, who becomes its first President

  • The Boston Red Sox wins the first World Series against the Pittsburgh Pirates

  • W. E. B. DuBois publishes The Souls of Black Folk
  • 1903
  • Theodore Roosevelt is reelected President of the United States

  • The diesel engine shows for the first time in the U.S. at the St. Louis Exposition. The engine is based on the plans of the German inventor Rudolf Diesel.

  • The first speed law is passed in New York State. It mandated a maximum speed of 10 mph in populated districts, 15 mph in villages, and 20 mph in open country.

  • Mounted police are used for the first time in New York City

  • A woman is arrested for smoking a cigarette while riding in an open automobile in New York City

  • The Russo-Japanese War begins. The countries are competing for Manchuria and Korea.

  • New York City subway opens
  • 1904
  • The House of Mirth by Edith Wharton

  • Albert Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity

  • Russo-Japanese War ends

  • Russian Revolution of 1905 begins on "Bloody Sunday" when troops fire onto a defenseless group of demonstrators in St. Petersburg

  • Race riots in Atlanta, GA, leave 21 persons dead, including 18 blacks, in one of the worst race riots in U.S. history. The city is placed under martial law.

  • The plays of George Bernard Shaw reach their height of popularity in New York City. Six of his plays are on the New York stage during the season.

  • San Francisco earthquake and three-day fire. More than 500 people perish.
  • 1905
  • Oklahoma becomes the 46th State

  • Picasso introduces Cubism with Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
  • 1907
  • Japanese are restricted from immigrating to the U.S

  • There are between 8,000 and 10,000 nickelodeons, or movie theaters, in the U.S.

  • William Howard Taft is elected President of the United States

  • The Model T Ford is introduced

  • Gertie the Dinosaur, the first animated motion picture in the U.S.

  • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded

  • Orville Wright makes a new flight duration record: 1 hr., 1 min., 40 seconds

  • The Manhattan Bridge opens to traffic

  • Pennsylvania Station in New York City opens

  • Earthquake kills 150,000 in Southern Italy and Sicily

  • North Pole reached by Robert E. Peary and Matthew Henson (1909)
  • 1908
  • Thousands of people are convinced that the end of the world is at hand. The cause of this is the passage of Haley's Comet, named for the English astronomer Edmund Halley, who had observed the comet's passage in 1682 and determined that it is the subject of similar observations made in 1531 and 1607.

  • Father's Day is celebrated for the first time

  • Boy Scouts of America is incorporated

  • Angel Island in San Francisco Bay becomes immigration center for Asians entering U.S.
  • 1910
  • The Triangle Waist Company, a sweatshop in New York City, catches fire. About 850 employees are trapped in the building, which is full of inflammable materials used in making shirtwaists.

  • The Roosevelt Dam on the Salt River, AZ, is completed at a cost of $3,890,000

  • The first electric automotive self-starter is demonstrated by Henry Leland, head of the Cadillac division of General Motors

  • First use of aircraft as defensive weapon in Turkish Italian War

  • Chinese Republic proclaimed after revolution overthrows Manchu Dynasty and Sun Yat-sen named president

  • Ernest Rutherford discovers the structure of the atom
  • 1911
  • New Mexico is admitted to the Union, the 47th state

  • Arizona is admitted to the Union, the 48th state

  • The British Titanic strikes an iceberg off the coast of Newfoundland and sinks on its maiden voyage. Nearly 1500 persons perish.

  • The Carnegie Corporation of New York is established by Andrew Carnegie with an initial endowment of $125,000,000. It is the first of the great foundations for scholarly and charitable endeavors.

  • The first annual Indianapolis 500 auto race is won by Ray Harroun, completing the 500-mile course in 6 hrs., 42 min., 8 sec., with an average speed of 74.59 mph.

  • Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States in a landslide Democratic victory. Thomas R. Marshall is elected Vice President.
  • 1912
  • Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase shocks the public

  • O Pioneers! by Willa Cather, the author's second novel

  • The Woolworth Building, tallest in the world, is built in New York City

  • Grand Central Terminal in New York City is officially opened

  • John D. Rockefeller donates $100,000,000 to the Rockefeller Foundation

  • Henry Ford set up his first automobile assembly line for production

  • ASCAP is organized in New York City

  • The Panama Canal opens to barge service

  • A resolution establishing Mother's Day is passed by Congress

  • Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife Sophie are assassinated and Austria declares war on Serbia
  • 1913
  • The taxicab makes its appearance on the American scene

  • The Birth of a Nation, D.W. Griffith's landmark motion picture, opens at Clune's Auditorium in Los Angeles, CA. It arouses bitter protests from liberals for its sympathetic treatment of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction. Black leaders object to its lurid racism.

  • Prohibition is voted in by Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Utah, making it law in 24 states

  • The first transatlantic radiotelephone communication is made from Arlington, VA to the Eiffel Tower in Paris

  • The millionth Model T rolls off Ford's Detroit, MI assembly line

  • The Lusitania is sunk by German submarine
  • 1915
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