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in the footsteps of paul
 The Word
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 Home | History | Series
 Introduction
 Tarsus (Birth - 30CE)
 Jerusalem (30-34)
 Antioch (34-43)
 Spreading the Word (43-48)
 The Wider World (49-50)
 Corinth (50-52)
 Ephesus (52-56)
 Into the Fire (56-70)
Cyprus and Central Turkey Today
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Fresco in a Goreme Valley Church
Fresco in a Goreme Valley Church
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

Ancient Perge
Ancient Perge
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

The Roman theater at Perge
The Roman theater at Perge
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

Goreme Valley
Goreme Valley
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)


r
oman remains in Salamis include an amphitheater, gymnasium, and baths. West of Salamis is a Monastery of St. Barnabas. The remains of a merchant ship from the fourth century BCE are preserved in Kyrenia, in northern Cyprus. A replica of the ship called the Kyrenia-Eletheria has been constructed, and will participate in the ceremonies of the 2004 Olymics in Athens, Greece. The entire city of Paphos is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Not much remains of the Temple of Aphrodite, but a museum holds artifacts recovered from the site. In the courtyard of the 13th century Church of the Chrysopolitissa is a column fragment to which Paul is said to have been chained and flogged.

Perge is one of several well-preserved Roman cities on the coast of Turkey. The most impressive remains in Perge are from the second century CE, therefore after St. Paul's visit. Among the colonnaded streets are a theater, agora, stadium and nymphaeum. The nearby ancient cities of Side and Aspendus are not mentioned in Paul's travels but are well preserved and excavated. Attalia is now a city of around 600,000 people, and is called Antalya. Perched on a rocky cliff over the harbor, the ancient city has been superceded by construction of later periods. The old quarter of the city has been restored, including a Gate of Hadrian and residences. The museum in Antalya contains exhibits on every period of development, from the Paleolithic age to the present. It holds sculpture and artifacts from the nearby Greco-Roman sites. In the mountains above Antalya, a side trip to the west leads to Termessos. The site is in a nature park, and a hike is required to reach the remains, which have not been cleared of overgrowth. Large sections of the road Paul would have traveled over the mountains to Antioch near Pisidia are also preserved.

Once on the upland plain, Antioch in Pisidia features some Roman period remains, including a triple arched gateway on the acropolis. Iconium has over the years been transformed into the modern city Konya, with a population of just under one million. It is a city of minarets and mosques, and was home to the thirteenth century mystic philosopher and theologian Mevlana, and the whirling dervishes. The archeological museum holds Roman period remains for the region, including an inscription from Lystra. The sites of Lystra and Derbe are no longer sites for visitors, but the site of Binbir Kilise, the "Thousand and One Churches," gives some insight to the legacy of St. Paul over the centuries. It was inhabited in the Roman period, but most of the churches date from the ninth century CE. In the same vein, the cones and cliffs of the Goreme valley provided shelter for recluses and refugees from the fourth century forward. Caves, churches, and houses are decorated with frescoes.

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