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in the footsteps of paul
 Ephesus
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 Home | History | Series
 Introduction
 Tarsus (Birth - 30CE)
 Jerusalem (30-34)
 Antioch (34-43)
 Spreading the Word (43-48)
 The Wider World (49-50)
 Corinth (50-52)
 Ephesus (52-56)
 Into the Fire (56-70)
Ephesus Today
7
 Pages
123

Theater at Ephesus
Theater at Ephesus
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

Library of Celsus
Library of Celsus
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

Caption Theater at Ephesus
Caption Theater at Ephesus
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)

Library of Celsus
Library of Celsus
(photo courtesy Ministry of Tourism, Ankara)


o
n the road to Ephesus from the interior, Paul would have passed Hieropolis, modern Pamukkale, with its terraced mineral pools and hot baths still open to the public. Like Athens, Ephesus experienced a construction boom in the second century. Some of the most intact structures, such as the Library of Celsus, therefore post-date Paul's visits. The site is no longer inhabited; the harbor silted up centuries ago and the population shifted to Izmir. Despite the fact that many statues, artifacts, and even buildings have been moved from the ancient cities of Turkey's Aegean cities -- Ephesus, Didyma, Assos, Pergamum, Smyrna and others -- to museums all over Europe and the world, the Archeological Museum in Izmir has large collections. There is an ancient tradition that the Virgin Mary spent her later life in Ephesus, and died here. There is also a "Prison of St. Paul."

Very little remains of ancient Alexandria Troas besides the man-made harbor, some wall fragments, and ruins of a Roman bath. Off the road to Assos is a Temple to Apollo Smintheus -- Apollo of the Mice. Paul probably would have passed this temple on his solitary walk to meet his companions in Assos. The city gates of Assos include a nearly complete watch tower. Outside the gates is an ancient necropolis. Inside the walls are temples, an agora, and gymnasium. Artifacts from the site reside in the Istanbul Archeological Museum.

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