Civil Rights and Non-Violence


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Sit-Ins | Non-Violence | Civil Rights Movement | Jim Crow Era | Emmett Till | Books

February One
Learn more about the Greensboro Four and the other interviewees in FEBRUARY ONE on the filmmakers' Web site.


Greensboro Sit-Ins
Learn more about the sit-ins at this comprehensive site, which includes biographies, articles, audio clips and other resources.

International Civil Rights Center and Museum
This museum and its companion site help preserve the history of the Greensboro sit-in and its legacy.

Nashville Library Civil Rights Collection
The Civil Rights Room at the Nashville Public Library is designed to preserve the history of the Nashville nonviolent sit-in movement, which started in the late 1950s.

The Smithsonian Museum Greensboro Sit-In Exhibit
The Smithsonian’s online magazine features articles and other information about the Greensboro sit-in, including pictures of a museum installation about the Greensboro Four.


PBS: A Force More Powerful: A Century of Nonviolent Conflict
This television series profiles how millions of people chose to battle brutality and oppression during the 20th century with nonviolent weapons—and won.

PBS: Bringing Down a Dictator: From Dictatorship to Democracy
Learn about nonviolent struggle and action as a means of political defiance in this chapter from the book by Gene Sharp, senior scholar-in-residence at the Albert Einstein Institution. This site also explores how nonviolence helped depose Serbian dictator Slobodan Milosevic.

PBS: Independent Lens: STRANGE FRUIT: Protest Music
Find out more about the history of American protest music and browse the timeline to learn about the role it played during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

PBS: Independent Lens: THE WEATHER UNDERGROUND: The Movement
Read about The Weathermen, a group of students who established themselves as a splinter group to the Civil Rights era Students for a Democratic Society, and believed that peaceful protests were ineffective.

The Fellowship of Reconciliation
Read about this international and interfaith organization, which seeks to replace violence, war, racism, and economic injustice with nonviolence, peace and justice.


Civil Rights Movement

The Library of Congress: The African American Odyssey
This online exhibit from the Library of Congress explores of the Civil Rights Movement with holdings form the library’s vast collection.

PBS: African American World: Civil Rights Timeline
This comprehensive guide to African American history, politics, arts and culture includes a detailed timeline of key events and people in the Civil Rights Movement.

InfoPlease: Civil Rights Timeline
Read this extensive timeline of the Civil Rights Movement, from 1954 to 2003.

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Learn more about this organization, which was active in many nonviolent civil rights protests, including sit-ins and freedom rides.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Learn more about this organization that works to insure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority groups and citizens.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Learn about this nationwide organization, founded by Martin Luther King, Jr., that champions human rights.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Read about this organization, active from 1960 to 1966, that was established in response to the Greensboro sit-in to further the nonviolent protest movement.

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project
Stanford University’s comprehensive Web site contains Martin Luther King’s papers, sermons, speeches and other information about the Civil Rights leader.

PBS: The American Experience: Citizen King
Read about how Martin Luther King, Jr., despite being frequently at odds with both white and black leaders, remained steadfast in his commitment to human rights and a way of non-violence and creative peacemaking.


Jim Crow Era

The Jim Crow Era
This extensive site details the Jim Crow era in the South from 1870 through the 1950s.

PBS: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Read more about the Jim Crow era at this companion site to a PBS series that explores segregation and the South.


Emmett Till

NPR: Morning Edition: Emmett Till and the Impact of Images
Listen to this audio program and hear how Jet magazine’s decision to publish photos of the murdered boy helped spark the Civil Rights Movement.

PBS: The American Experience: The Murder of Emmett Till
Learn more about Emmett Till at this companion site to the PBS documentary about the tragic murder that fueled the Civil Rights movement.

Bob Dylan: “The Death of Emmett Till”
Read the lyrics to this Bob Dylan song that was inspired by the murder of Emmett Till.



Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom
By William Chafe
(Oxford University Press, 1981)
Learn more about how the Greensboro sit-in launched the non-violent protests of the Civil Rights era.

Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965
By Juan Williams
(Penguin Books, 1988)
Based on the PBS series of the same name, journalist Williams tells the stories of the “little-known activists” of the Civil Rights Movement.

Getting Away With Murder: The True Story of the Emmett Till Case
By Chris Crowe
Written for young adults, this book brings fresh insight to the Emmett Till case in a manner that is accessible and eye-opening for teenagers and adults alike.

Hope and History: Why We Must Share the Story of the Movement
By Vincent Harding
(Orbis Books, 1990)
This series of essays discusses how the Civil Rights Movement had a significant impact on all aspects of American life.

The Lynching of Emmett Till: A Documentary Narrative
By Christopher Metress
(University of Virginia Press, 2002)
With a collection of more than one hundred documents spanning almost half a century, Metress retells Till’s story in a unique and daring way.

My Soul is a Witness: A Chronology of the Civil Rights Era, 1954-1965
By Bettye Thomas-Collier and V.P. Franklin
(Henry Holt and Company, 2000)
This unique chronology provides a powerful record of civil rights activities throughout all region of the U.S.

Protest, Power, and Change: An Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from ACT-UP to Women's Suffrage
By Roger S. Powers
(Garland Publishing, 1997)
The first encyclopedia devoted to non-violent action contains examples from the U.S. Civil Rights Movement and from other international events in history.

A Death in the Delta; The Story of Emmett Till
By Stephen J. Whitfield
(Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991)
This study of the Emmett Till murder focuses on how it impacted the work of civil rights activists in later years.


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