Around Independent Lens

The Film

You must have flash 8 or above to view video.

"The lodge is producing income…. Don’t you see? We’re milking wildlife just like a cow! And drought kills cattle, while elephants and lions survive."

—James Ole Kinyaga, Senior Host of Il Ngwesi Lodge, Kenya

MILKING THE RHINO examines the deepening conflict between rural Africans and animals in the ever-shrinking African wilderness.

Decades ago, the creation of Africa’s national parks and vast game reserves forced out thousands of indigenous people who had coexisted in harmony with wildlife for millennia on a land without borders. The “fences and fines” approach to preserving wildlife disrupted traditional lifestyles, making the wildlife refuges and parks the property of the “white man” and turning ordinary food gathering into a criminal act.

Exploring wildlife conservation from the perspective of the indigenous people, MILKING THE RHINO presents the struggle of two traditional cattle-herding cultures: the Maasai tribe of Kenya and the Himba tribe of Namibia. Both tribes find themselves clashing with the myth of “wild Africa,” which brings millions of tourists to the continent every year, particularly because the wildlife that draws these visitors competes for grazing land with the tribes’ domestic cattle.

The film follows the parallel tracks of both tribes (who live on opposite sides of the continent) as they consult with NGO field workers and social entrepreneurs at the village level. The advisors are charged with convincing bush-dwelling Africans to adopt community-based conservation (CBC), a new way of co-existing with wildlife that gives the tribes a piece of the economic pie and paves a path towards self-sufficiency. CBC is touted by conservationists as a win-win situation, but the reality is more complex—especially when an eight-year drought tests the tribes’ commitment.

Filmed in remote and breathtaking locations, MILKING THE RHINO reveals the Maasai and Himba people to be resourceful and eager to embrace a solution, yet still distrustful after decades of “white man’s conservation” that disenfranchised Africa’s rural population.

James Ole Kinyaga, the Maasai host of the tribe’s successful Il Ngwesi eco-lodge in Kenya, champions the protection of wildlife, saying “We never used to benefit from these animals but now we milk them like cattle.” But his neighbor disagrees: “A rhino means nothing to me! I can’t kill it for meat like a cow.”

In Namibia, at a three-day meeting of conservancy stakeholders, tribesmen conduct a lively discussion about why several lions were shot. “I am glad they were all killed. The cattle are my bank. If the lions come near my cattle, then I know my bank is robbed,” argues one tribesman. Another retorts, “A lion is worth 40,000 Namibian dollars (over $5,000 U.S.). This is our chance to plan how wildlife can generate income for the community. Can you hear me?”

MILKING THE RHINO offers complex, intimate portraits of rural Africans at the forefront of community-based conservation—a revolution that is turning poachers into preservationists and local people into the stewards of their land.

Read an update from the filmmakers >>

Related Links and Resources

View the trailer and clips from the film; see stills and read publicity materials.

African Wildlife Foundation
Find out more about community-based conservation in Africa.

Lewa Wildlife Conservancy
Learn more about the former ranch converted into a wildlife preserve by third-generation Kenyan Ian Craig.

Il Ngwesi Lodge
Read about the lodge built by Maasai tribesmen that has won numerous eco-tourism awards.

Integrated Rural Development and Nature Conservation
Learn about the links between wildlife conservation, rural development and democracy in southern Africa.

Get the DVD >>

Share your thoughts on the film in Talkback >>

Home | The Film | The Making Of | The Filmmakers | Talkback | Film Credits | Get the DVD | Site Credits watch preview MILKING THE RHINO home page