During most of its 5,000-year-plus history, China was ruled by a series of imperial dynasties. When rebellions brought an end to the Qing dynasty in 1911, the Chinese Republic was created and led by the Chinese Nationalist Party and Sun Yat-sen.
In 1921, the Communist Party of China was founded. For decades, the Communists and the Nationalists struggled for control of China. Following a civil war, the Communists, led by Mao Zedong, declared a victory over Chiang Kai-Shek’s Kuomintang and formed the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Between the 1950s and the 1970s, Mao’s campaign to eradicate class disparities and land ownership led to collectivization efforts during the Great Leap Forward. His regime’s notorious Cultural Revolution purged suspected capitalists or counter-revolutionaries.
After Mao’s death, Deng Xiaoping instituted his own economic reform policies and increased foreign investment and consumer development. Liberal protests against Deng’s reforms culminated in the 1989 protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. Today, China’s economy continues to grow exponentially, towards positive and negative results.
Learn more about China and the ideologies presented in PLEASE VOTE FOR ME:
In order to assert population control, China implemented its one-child policy in 1979.
Learn more about this controversial policy and some of its implications >>
China’s educational system is reflective of its social and cultural norms.
Read about the country’s primary schooling, residential schools and higher education >>
Singing patriotic songs in China is a time-honored tradition—carried on by the schoolchildren of today.
Find out more about the songs featured in the film >>
Despite popular beliefs, democracy in
China has some historical precedents.
View a timeline of China’s “outbreaks of democracy" >>