Atapattu, Don. "Songs of Protest and Peace." Counterpunch, February 1, 2003.

Chang, Jeff. "Is Protest Music Dead?" AlterNet, April 16, 2002.

Corn, David. "Where Have All the Protest Songs Gone?", April 4, 2001.

Denisoff, R. Serge. Sing a Song of Social Significance. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1983. p.48-57.

"Educator's Guide to 'Follow the Drinking Gourd,'" New Jersey State Museum Planetarium and Raritan Valley Community College Planetarium.

Hitchcock, H.Wiley and Stanley Sadie. The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. New York: Grove's Dictionaries of Music, 1986.

"The Hutchinson Family Singers"

"Lift Every Voice: Music in American Life," University of Virginia Library.

McDonnell, John. Songs of Struggle and Protest. Dublin: Mercier Press, 1979.

People's Music Network for Songs of Freedom and Struggle

Seeger, Pete and Bob Reiser. Everyone Says Freedom. New York: Norton, 1989.

"John Brown's Body" - Julia Ward Howe

Joe Hill

History in Song

Mark Blitzstein's The Cradle Will Rock

All lyrics are provided for informational and educational purposes only.
Lyrics are subject to all U.S. copyright laws and remain property of their respective owners.

STRANGE FRUIT protest music Indie Film Resources About Independent Lens Program Guide Independent Lens Home Message Music 2000-present Anti-Establishment 1980s-1990s Civil Rights and Vietnam 1960-1970s War, Labor and Race 1940s-1950s The Great Depression 1930-1940 The Workers 1900-1930s Abolitionist and Women's Rights 1830s-1900s Slavery 1776-1800 Introduction