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<< Many people have asked how to help the film's subjects. Read the filmmaker's reply below. >>
Since VIETNAM: The Next Generation aired, I’ve had many queries asking for information on Le Thi Phuong and how to help her. I appreciate your interest. Phuong is an exceptional young woman. Since I finished filming her, Puong has become an award-winning athlete, winning gold medals in long jump, shot put and the 100-meter, 200-meter and 400-meter dash in events such as the National Paragames and Quang Tri Sport Event for People With Disability. Phuong now has a new, well-fitted and light-weight prosthetic leg. With her prize money, she has built a small house for herself and her son next to her parents’ home. Both Phuong and her son, Minh, are doing very well. Within their farming community, they are now well-off.
But there are many victims of landmines who are not as fortunate. If you would like to help landmine victims in Phuong's community, I would suggest contacting
Peace Trees and
Project Renew, two well-established organizations which are working in Phuong's district to clear landmines, provide prosthetics and educate young children about the dangers that lurk beneath their soil.
Others have inquired about helping streetkids in Ho Chi Minh City. The “15th of May School” is located in one of the city's poorest and most dangerous areas and has been working to help keep kids off the streets and in the classroom for over 20 years. They are a dedicated group of educators and committed to the kids. You'll enjoy seeing all the activities they offer—from circus performance to English language training—in their monthly newsletter. You can also sign up to sponsor a streetkid.
— Sandy Northrop, producer/director, VIETNAM: The Next Generation
I saw the film on PBS last night and I was inspired by the national pride of the People of Vietnam. I admire their will to prosper, their fighting spirit and the innocence of their youth. The war devastated their country but it never destroyed the poeple...
This was such a beautiful film, I wonder why it got aired so late?
I spent some time reading the commentary about the documentary film "Vietnam The Next Generation" (Actually, I have already seen the whole film which was showed on American TV in the occasion of Vietnamese's celebration of Dien Bien Phu Victory--very odd since this is between Vietnam and French War). My host parents were watching the film and then they told me to come out to see it.
Most of the time I was smiling happily(simply that was the first time I saw a film about Vietnamese on American land), but I quite disagreed with the last comment of the movie (which is saying that A Lan Duong is one of capitalists in the middle of communist country--and that Vietnam will soon become a capitalist country). I didn't like the way it tears Vietnamese up into capitalist and communist like that. After all no matter which "ism" or "ist" you follow, we are still one country; and the same for religions or any races, ethnic groups, we were grown up together and therefore shouldn't be separated. What makes up the country are the people and their faith to the country. Faith here means an expectation to a good future of the country, not faith to the government or for any politic purpose. In �Give me liberty, or give me . . . what? Security? Gore Vidal cited Clinton�s critics of the bill as "unpatriotic": "There is nothing patriotic about pretending that you can love your country but despise your government." He opposes this idea : �This is breathtaking since it includes, at one time or another, most of us. Put another way, was a German in 1939 who said that he detested the Nazi dictatorship unpatriotic?
To Nguyen Anh Dung (Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam):
I don�t know about the past, but I do know about the present at least (and even though I might be educated toward communism way). I agree about the corruption of the country, but frankly it has never appeared in my mind a tiny idea of Vietnam as a prison. Sometimes, I still think young Vietnamese nowadays have too much freedom.
Las Vegas, NV
I'm a Vietnamese woman born in Vietnam, left as a 5 yr old and grew up in the states. I eventually became a PB Playmate and have had a successful and fulfilling life. I have a twin brother who still lives in Vietnam whom I have not seen in over 30 years. Your stories on the war and life after the war, helps me to deal with the guilt I feel of not having my brother here. It helps heal the wounds. Thank you for the special series on Vietnam you bring to people like me who have never made it back or have the fear of returning. It's the connections that keep me humble. Thank You!!
Santa Barbara, CA
Mr. Vo Nguyen Giap of Hanoi, Vietnam was a high ranking Officer during the Vietnam Civil War (Not the "American War" or the "Vietnam War"). What he said today was to forget about the war; we are all brothers and sisters of this wonderful land that's now ours; and �"can we, can we all get along, can we please live in peace and rebuild the country?
This is also exactly what Mr. Vo Nguyen Giap and his Communist Party said thirty years ago when they captured Saigon. A lot of people believed them, they put down their weapons and any thoughts and ideas of organizing resistant against the new government. A few weeks later the whole country felt their brutality. Instead of working with construction companies, lawyers, businessmen, doctors, engineers, teachers, South Vietnamese Soldiers and Officers� etc., they put these highly educated people in re-education camps. Some stayed in these camps until 1990. Most were abused especially the Soldiers/Officers and anyone who dare to talk back at them and their crazy id
eas. Now, he's asking us to forget and lets rebuild Vietnam. This is what I have to say to Mr. Vo Nguyen Giap�.Look at yourself in the mirror when you want to make such a statement! A great leader is a leader who meant what he said. You are no great leader; you and your backward parties are a bunch of losers who wanted to take over South Vietnam for your own consumption. You put educated people in camps and let buffalo boys and farmers run the country. No wonder Vietnam is where she is today, because you and your party are so greedy and lazy. You wanted what is not yours and made everyone suffered. Now, you sit in your mansion, which belongs to someone else and ask the whole country to forgive and forget. You and your communist party are just as evil as the Nazi.
Buffalo boys and farmers are not capable of educating the whole country about the basic traffic laws, but they are extremely capable of organizing parades and beauty contests.
Thank you for your time.
University of California Los Angeles
To all of the people responsible for this documentary-
Upon having viewed your documentary on the contemporary conditions of Vietnam under communist rule, I am saddened that through all of those stories you were able to show signs of progress and hope under the communist government. I have returned to Vietnam and have personally witnessed the tragedy that has become my country under corrupt socialist thought. I feel that the point to be realized is that under this regime, Vietnam shall have no chance of recovery. The scandals in the government have condemned millions like Loan and Vinh to a dead-end life of poverty and destitution. Where are the programs and aids? Where is the money going? How could you say that a government that has driven tens of thousands of its own citizens to risk their lives fleeing it to be a progressive government? It has taken Vietnam three years to build a twelve-mile section of the roads with the engineers living in "primitive conditions" while high government officials are laundering money and living the luxury life they had stolen from millions of suffering people. You should be ashamed that this impression of Vietnam is what you want people to believe. The conditions in Vietnam are not going to get better if people don�t do something about the power structure. No matter how much money is donated, it will never reach the hands of the people who need it most. People are dying everyday while the world turns away. Please please please help me save my country by telling the truth about what is going on.
Yvonne Hoang Yen Nguyen
Andy Phan, M.D.
It is a great film. I admire Henry Nguyen for his accomplishment and my heart fall for the children in this film. I am a pediatrician who lives a very comfortable life in California. Now I wonder if the Vietnamese goverment would give me a chance to go back home to work and help the children there. It is something I really want to do.
Phuong Q. Le
Sparks, MD US
Although I haven't seen the film, I'm always interested to know that my country is doing well considering we were constantly fighting against foreigners. Vietnamese are hard working people. I hope the next generation would help building one of the best countries in the South East. With talent such as Henry Nguyen who came back from the US, I have no doubt that it won't be long Vietnam is able to compete with other countries in Asia.
Frenchtown, New Jersey
I served in Vietnam in 1970 and feel that this line of yours is worth posting it the feedback; it's important and touching.
"There's a simple phrase that is used over and over when describing Vietnam today: Vietnam is a country, not a war. I'd like Americans, especially our Vietnam veterans who still carry such painful memories of the war, to know that the war really is over and that a new generation is carving out a positive future."
And my last comment is "Cam ong nhieu lam" (Thank you.)
Frenchtown, New Jersey
I served in Vietnam during the war in 1970. (see http://8thmob.org) After 12 years of recurring nightmares about my time during and after the war, I was restless and haunted for years until finally found peace when I worked with Vietnamese Refugees in California. By giving of my self, using my skills as a computer programmer and contributing to the success of a Vietnamese language newspaper, (see: http://www.alanr.com/BaoNguoiViet.html) and living and working with the refugee population in Little Saigon, I was able to finally put the pain and anguish behind. The story of Vietnam is one of extremes - extreme pain and loss, extreme effort and success. Thank you for giving us this glimpse (narrowly focused as it may be) of Vietnam today, and the way it is headed for the future.
I found particularly interesting the story of Alan Duong, and how she and her father, like many of my Vietnamese friends, survived the dangerous escape from Vietnam and imprisonment as refugees.
If it is possible, please pass on my message and contact information to Alan so that we may exchange thoughts and perhaps become friends and maybe even do some business from half a world away. And, if you would ever care to learn the story of how the Vietnamese language was made available on the PC, let me know. I was there, I was intimately involved and I consider it to be the most important contribution that I have every made to the world's culture and the people of Vietnam - in their home country, in the US and throughout the free world.
Alan Runfeldt, aka (Vietnamese nickname) "Anh Lang Tu'" - "The Helpful Vagabond"...
I only saw half of the documentary but I cried the whole time. I have been home (to Viet Nam) a couple of times now and I have seen kids, the handicapped and the elderly sell anything to survive... from gums to lotteries. It breaks my heart to see such innocent victims born onto this earth to be in an uncontrolling situation. I have seen worse and have heard a lot more....!
Thank you to PBS and to Sandy for a job well done. I fled the country on a boat when I was 13 years old. I was also under the communist for 5 years. I was there for the war but do not remember anything. I think I tried to block all the bad memories. To this day I still feel that I'm blessed and very lucky to be here. I agree with so many of the Vietnamese who wrote in about Viet Nam is being controlled and lacked of freedom. But I believe that within time the country will heal. However, I disagree with Mr. Fitzpatrick about his point of view about the war. I lost my father during that war. The war cheated my father from seeing my brother being born. My mother was a single mom and I still remember there were many times she couldn't make ends meet, she would say lets jump in the well or eat poison to be with our father. Even with that I never lost faith in the war but instead I am grateful that the Americans intervene and came to our rescue. The war had made a difference in our lives. It had brought us hope and prosperity. Thank you to all the Veterans that are reading this message. Thank you for putting your lives on the line for our freedom.
I also disagree with Mr. Fitzpatrick's comment about our current war. Mr. Bush is doing a heck of a job trying to fight for our rights, our children's future, and to bring democracy to this world. Like some of the others said there is "no peace when you're a killer". So, thank you to all of the Servicemen out there. Thank you for keeping us safe. God Bless you and Peace be with you. And to the Iraqi, it will get better! You'll see, just give it time. Time will heal everything!!!!
i have a 1986 honda ct 110, or also called ,trail 110. when i saw many of the people on the basic motorbikes i am reminded . that if all cars and busses and trucks or trains averaged 40 miles per gallon of gasoline there would be ( no ) need at all to import one drop of oil. its that simple and basic . i would guess that in vietnam they have about an average of 90 miles per gallon of gasoline with all there vehicles .mint .
Vo Nguyen Giap
"Mot dan toc, mot che do, mot con nguoi" luc nao cung la nhung khao khat cua moi con nguoi Vietnam. Viet Nam chung ta da phai trai qua biet bao nhieu nam chinh chien danh ngoai bang moi danh duoc mot nuoc Viet Nam doc lap va tu do. Chien tranh da gay ra nhung vet thuong lau nam cho dat nuoc ta, cho nen moi con nguoi Viet Nam can phai co trach nhiem han gan vet thuong thanh mot suc manh de sanh cung cac nuoc ban. Chung ta tuy ngheo nhung chung ta co duoc mot niem kieu hanh va hanh dien truoc mot nuoc Viet Nam doc lap. Hom nay nuoc chung ta tuy ngheo, nhung mai day chung ta se tro thanh mot nuoc giau va manh. Moi nguoi khong nen ngoi day khien trach ai loi ai phai, ma chung ta phai nen gop suc xay dung lai mot nuoc Viet Nam moi. Mot nuoc Viet Nam ma chung ta hang mo uoc. Cam on !
Dr. Stefan Young
Westfield, NJ / Prince
Le Thi Phuong seems to be a fine person and a beautiful soul. Her life and efforts touched and moved me. I would like to know if there is anyway to help her. Do donations help? Where and how. Information would be appreciated. Thank you for a revealing and moving film.
I was glad i sat up late and got to see the show about postwar Vietnam. I was troubled when i saw the story about the young woman who lost her foot to a landmine. I thought there was an international organization that removes landmines in countries after wars are over. Is there a way to get people involved in helping remove those devices? I wish i could go there and help. there is enough suffering and hardship without threat of landmines. Vietnam seemed to be a very verdant landscape as I saw in the stories in the film. The film on postwar vietnam was a great insight into what is going on there, thanks for the show.
Very sad but true stories, I can't hold my tears about the brother and sister selling lotto tickets. It would be nice if you can make a movie about success and prosper so our's younger generation can try to measure up to it. Thank you
My mother who is Vietnamese grew up during the war. She left Vietnam and came to the U.S back in 1972 to better her life. Watching the film makes me wonder what my life would have been if I was born there instead of here. I am happy to see that Vietnam is changing for the better. I hope one day in the future my mother and my family can go to Vietnam and see those changes ourselves.
Nguyen Anh Dung
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
I am living in Vietnam. I am 25 years old. I just finished college top of my class 2 years ago, but I still cannot find work. Government is corrupted from top to bottom. I have to pay government officials to get hired, but I cannot afford that. Many of my friends have pay government agents to be able to find work like a slave in foreign countries like Korea, Taiwan, Philippine, Singapore.
I have to disagree with the comments of Mr. Joseph T. Fitzpatrick about the war in Vietnam.
1. America helped the South Vietnam because the Communists from the North (Ho Chi Minh was the leader) invaded the South, violated the Paris Treaty.
2. Ho Chi Minh assassinated many other patriotic organizations such as the Vietnam Nationalist Party to come to power.
3. Ho Chi Minh imported the Communist Theory from Soviet Union and China into Vietnam that killed more than 4 millions Vietnamese people.
Now Vietnam is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than 82 millions people cannot elect their leaders (Communist Party appoints all the important positions in the government). Vietnamese people do not have religious freedom. Vietnam has hundreds of newspapers, but ALL of them are controlled by government (Communist Party). Vietnam does not have freedom of press.
Vietnam is one of the biggest prisons nowadays. Many people have been imprisoned because they voiced their concerns about the democracy in Vietnam. Please help Vietnamese people to have freedom and democracy.
Thank you very much.
I came from a dairy farm in Maine and understand the incredible hard work to farming whatever type. I really want to send money to Te Li Phong? I'd like to help her with buying her new leg as well as money for her child and parents. Can I get her address and could she cash an American check and what type of check should I send? Of course I loved this piece, thank you for making this. My daughter is one of the most touted artists in Maine and wants to help also . Betsy
I came in in the middle of the show but at the end... tears were rolling down my cheeks. Thank you for the show it had taken me back with so many memories about my life, my journey to America, and the many loving people I have left behind.
I could relate to Alan Duong. Seeing her going through the ordeal for five years really bring me back to my days on the fishing boat with 66 other people which we stacked on each other like sardines due to lack of room and space. I am always intrique about Vietnam. Even though I have only lived there for the first 13th years of my life, I love the country and I will always call it home. I wished that one day I will be able to write a memoir about my journey....but because of the American dream, it had consumed all of my time and my energy, for now it can only be a dream. I don't want any profit for it but instead to help my children & grandchildren understand where they came from.
I'm thankful to see that the economy have grown since the early 1990's. People have more jobs and more opportunities to survive.
Please forget about the war. It had been over 30 years ago. Vietnam is a beautiful country with many loving people.
After viewing the movie, it completely changed my perspective on Vietnam as a whole. My family immigrated to the United States when I was 8 so my memories of Vietnam were very blurry. In 1999 my mom asked me to go to Vietnam with her for family reunion. At first, I was very reluctant to accompany her due to the Communist government. During my trip, it seemed like all the people I met were scandalous and greedy. All they want from me was money and anything that was considered valuable. That experience honestly discouraged me to return and help my own people. Fortunately, the film made me realized that Vietnam still has hope, and there are ambitious and honest people living there who are constantly trying to elevate the economy. May be after my college graduation, I'll be like Henry Nguyen and become one of Vietnam's entrepreneurs. Vietnamese people are one of the most determined and intelligent people, therefore, they should be given an opportunity to show the world their capacities and willingness to succeed
Having visited Vietnam this year on a company excursion I felt the urge to express my view and thoughts on Vietnam. Never imaging I'd ever visit such a country that I had only learned about in history books, going there was such an invigorating experience. Vietnam is nothing of what most would ever imagine it to be. What a wonderful country with such great people. As an American, I have never felt so welcomed. Vietnamese were so friendly and yet just as curious about me as I felt about them. This 3rd world country is so amazing. I was quite taken back by it's beauty and how these people have recovered after a war that left them in such a disasterous environment. I would really recommend for anyone to go visit such an amazing country and experience for themselves what is so hard for me to explain on this note. Go Vietnam!!!
I just watched the program, "Vietnam: The Next Generation" on PBS and thought it was excellent.
Prior to May of 1999, I had the typical American viewpoint of the Vietnam War. Then a situation arose where I met a group from Hanoi and heard their story. In 2000, I decided to go to Vietnam for two weeks, one week in Hanoi and the other traveling down the coast to Ho Chi Minh City. I have continued contact with a man in Hanoi and have helped with the education of his daughter in the U.S. I'm hoping that we will soon all heal.
I only caught the last 30 minutes of the show but will buy all 3 from you. I was in Vietnam August and Septemeber 2004 and toured the complete country. My Fiance lives there in which I am in the process of bringing her here soon.
The most beautiful country and people I have ever seen. I never felt uncomfortable while there and everyone treated me like I was someone special.
I saw the damage caused by the war and I literally cried as I did when I saw a portion of your program. We can learn so much from the family values and morals of a country that we almost destroyed.
You can see and feel the pain in the faces of the elderly due to war.
But God has given Vietnam a peace that blows in the wind and touches the flowers and the trees in the land that I call " breath taking".
Thank you for bringing the struggles of a people that never asked to be born in such a poor but beautiful country.
What a great documentary on today Viet Nam. I have a great opportunity to travel back on a bicycle from Ha Noi to Ho Chi Minh City anually since 1994. You can come to experience what the Vietnamese poeple really like. Take a look at www.commongroundjourneys.com.
Thank you PBS
How inspiring to see Vietnam's recovery from that poorly conceived war; for proof see Le Thi Phuong's story. Vietnam's success is closely tied to the resurgence of capitalism, so seeing Henry Nguyen and A Lan Duong make their way is especially exciting. Sadly, there will be heartbreaking stories like Pham Van Vinh and Pham Loan along the way. I hope not many. I'm pulling for ya, Vietnam!
Joseph fitzpatrick, you please do not know what you are talking about. Please read something (anything) about torture and war technique of vietnamese army and other asian historical document of war. No people in history was "peace loving" unfortunatly. You are idealist who have not studied fact. Please (if you can find) read translated writing of Ho Chi Minh. Do you hear of Mao Tse Tung? Pol Pot? Maybe you can understand why america try to help vietnamese. But vietnamese was persistent.
I also visit vietnam now and love this people and hope for long peace in many years. The film is true and I hope many people in america can see vietnam now and visit this beautiful country. we cannot forget the past but use it to make the better future for vietnam. Thank you Mr. Northrop for telling this stories.
Dear Mr. Joseph T. Fitzpatrick,
I am so disappointed in what you have just said. Do you even realize that people like you which make the beautiful, peaceful and freedom country of Vietnam fall into the hand of evil, full of corruptions, and murderous Vietcong? If the control of Vietcong was so in handy, why so many of Vietnamese had to leave everything behind and risked their life to look for freedom and a better life? Perhaps these people are crazy? BIG NO NO!!!!
In the movie, Alan Duong is just one out of thousand cases. You don't know what happen to the rest of Vietnamese that were sent back to Vietnam. You don't know how the Vietcong are dealing with them. You don't know if they have a life Alan Duong is having right now...or a very tough life you couldn't imagine.
You have again produced another outstanding documentry. I was very impressed with the group the street kids belonged to. Most countries (including the U.S.)have people who use the street children for pleasure and/or to get rich while leaving the kids with virtually nothing.
A decent shelter, 2 sqares a day, for 10% of their take is amazingly fair. So much so I have a little difficulty believing they were 100% honest with you.
If true, Viet Nam is an example the world should follow.
Sandy and the crews, thanks for putting together this excellent film. I thought the story of each characters were well selected and documented as they appeared very genuine and covered a various walks of life in VN. Also, so much in this film that I can relate to, I felt like I was re-living my experience in White Head refugee camp in HK, my escape out of VN and etc.
To answer your #1 question, no this film doesn't change my perceptions on postwar VN. I've been a long time believer that VN is changing for the better and will grow into a modernized nation even in the face of its communist government (which I think is now more concerned with modern necessity and practicality, rather than its original idealogy.)
I am always searching for info on current day Vietnam, because in 2000, I adopted a daughter from there. Traveling there twice were the most memorable experiences of my life, even though I have been fortunate to travel all over the world. I have never met such gracious or politely direct people.
Roy R. Lorenz
I served a four month stint at DaNang AB in I Corps in 1966 as a USAF air operations specialist in a airlift ccmmand post. I tried to stay longer but was not approved by peronnnel in the States. Despite repeated volunteer applications I never was posted in Vietnam again but in other areas of Southeast Asia. I did pass through Tan Son Nhut AB at Saigon at the end of March 1973, what a difference seven years had cost it. That place was like a ghost town compared to 1966 when I first arrived in country.
I have encountered one Vietnamese in college here in Tucson, another I had an online friendship with last year, he said Ho Chi Minh city was his home and emailed photos of his family. I am not sure if I will ever return to Vietnam, I am hopeful though.
I would like to know if there is an organization through which I may contact Le Tie Phung?
Roy R. Lorenz, Capt, USAF(Ret)
Almost as tragic as the war the U.S. staged in Vietnam is the presence of the landmines that still maim and kill. Is there an organization that is systematically removing the landmines -- and whose work could speed up by receiving donations?
San Jose, CA
Job well done.
Please keep up the good work............
I am encouraged (yet emotional) after viewing your truthful documentation of these beautiful lives. I am especially concerned with the community of people like Phuong. In the on-going political struggle between the two giant "C's" of existing government and economic growth in Vietnam she is a beautiful representation of the 'middle man.' And she is always the victim. Having seen several times over the reality of amputee life both in Vietnam and Cambodia, I still cannot accept the type of 'accident' that Phuong has suffered. It is appalling that in our 21st century this threat still exists in the midst of free and peaceful countries. A sickness arises in the pit of my stomach when I hear what we have done by mere act of neglecting to do anything in this particular area of responsibility. What is being done to ensure that mothers like Phuong are safe to raise their children, to see them play and learn without the threat of losing life or limb? We in the West cannot be satisfied to continue in our comfortable regime while our working class brothers and sisters, like Phuong, strive amid this constant fear. There must be something more than can be done to safely destroy the remaining land mines in the ten percent of unused land in their midst. At least something has begun as you have voiced these concerns by bringing real people and real struggles into my living room this evening...
I watched the film from the beginning 'till the end. I noticed that the Independent Lens' Sandy Northrop film maker is not only person who made this film possible. But there are also Vietnam TV station, and other local Vietnamese film makers. These people are aided by the Communist Government. No wonder why Mrs Sandy Northrop had no problem when making the film. In the film, the film maker only focus on the naive people that love to make money and care about their lives than care their future country ruling under by wicked-one party-lawless-close minded Communist Government. Right now, there are many of political & religous prisoners being held without trials all over the country. Young people have to sell their bodies to be sex & labor slaves to make living. NBC's Dateline reported this one before. If you don't believe me, please check out Human Rights Watch website for more details. This film is only telling you one side of the story.
And thanks but NO THANKS to all of anti-Vietname war people. Many of thousand Vietnamese starved, got raped, and died on the sea when they fled & escaped the V.C. Millions of Vietnameses now live on their own land but being held like the birds in the case.
Now, you want to know the truth about our Vietnam? Ask one of us, the Free Vietnamese people. We will tell the story of our country.
I came in on half the show and in summation of my thoughts, It is the american culture not to sit at home and take care of parents especially among the white community. Their feeble parents strugle for caregivers in florida, while their daughters work big jobs in the other parts of the states. I myself a native jamaican, which is similar in lifestyle to vietnam, started taking care of my entire family since my father took ill at fifteen. and when he died I purchased a home and finished schooling my sibs. People look at me and say I am a fool but fulfilling my promise to my dad was just what I set out to do. Today we live in a nice four bedroom home and I am at the height of my working career. and dont feel like I missed out on any thing.
Joseph T. Fitzpatrick
Last year I spent a month in Vietnam. It was my second time there and each time I go I am again appalled by the savagery with which the U.S. conducted its war against these generally beautiful and peace loving people. I was an anti war person during that time and was so very glad to see the U.S. get their butt kicked by this small peace loving nation. This will again happen in present day Iraq, because we still haven�t learned any lessons from the past.
Ho Chi Minh was a very peaceful man, who was very willing to hold free elections back in 1954 but the ever paranoid U.S. government was afraid to trust the outcome of the free election process at that time. So the government mounted a campaign of lies and more lies against these beautiful people.
We as a nation have become a nation of war mongers under the leadership of the world's biggest war criminal to date, George W. Bush.