POINTS OF VIEW:
Lester Brown, Earth Policy Institute
We’ve kind of taken over the planet and there’s just not much room left for many of the other species. So we’re seeing these extraordinary drops in populations.
Steve Osofsky, Wildlife Conservation Society
Right now we know that at least 25 percent of the world’s 4000 or so mammal species are threatened or endangered. Two out of three bird species are in decline worldwide. I would say that the state of the planet’s wild life is precarious and I think the decisions we make in the next few years will be very important in terms of determining which way things go.
Liz Bennett, Wildlife Conservation Society
We’re one of perhaps a hundred million species on the, but we’re the first species ever to have the control of the fates of other species in our hands. The state of the planet’s wildlife, at the moment, is very alarming. Some species are going so fast and we either need to do something about it very quickly or we’re going to start seeing some pretty massive extinctions of species that we really care about.
Charlie Kennel, Scripps Institute of Oceanography
There were always side effects from human activities, but they were always small compared to the scale of nature and now we are altering the surface of the Earth. You have to be realistic about the size and scope of the problems. They are unprecedented. My optimism is that we will eventually see the nature and the global scale of these problems and at that point people will insist on developing and really working on solving the problem.
Robert Cook, Wildlife Conservation Society
And while there have been other extinction crises this will be a dramatic alteration that will fundamentally threaten the future of humanity because we are all linked. We are all part of this web of life. But it’s going to be a horse race between those changes that will be irreparable and our ability to do good and alter the way that we use the resources on our planet.
There’s a place in the world where a lush rainforest — with open meadows, bamboo thickets and fresh running streams — provides a safe haven for a group of endangered lowland gorillas. In this jungle sanctuary highly threatened animals survive without fear of being stalked by local poachers. It's a place where the affects of Africa’s extreme poverty and civil unrest seem a world away.
But what really makes this patch of wilderness so extraordinary is the fact that that it's not located in a remote part of Africa. It’s in New York City.
The Wildlife Conservation Society’s Bronx Zoo gorilla exhibit is one of the city’s most popular attractions, providing visitors with a rare and intimate glimpse of the natural world. However realistic the experience seems to be, much of the food the gorillas eat comes from local markets, most of the trees are made of metal and epoxy, and the forest that lies behind these thick walls of protective glass is essentially an environmental illusion.
Gorilla at the Bronx Zoo
But what is not an illusion is the fact that the zoos of the future may have no choice but become urban sanctuaries for our planet’s animals. Scientists now tell us that as much as a half of the world’s wildlife may completely disappear during our lifetime.
“ Every kind of species, every broad type of species, every broad type of habitat is under threat now in a way that wasn’t true in all of past human history.”
Engelman, Population Action International
Once, not so very long ago, the Earth was a place of great and unspoileddiversity, a rich tapestry dominated by the elegance of the natural world. Our world encompassed vast stretches of uninhabited and protected wilderness areas. Our polar regions supported an abundance of sea and land mammals and the biodiversity of oceans were healthy and over-flowing.
Once, not so very long ago, our tropical rainforests supported an almost infinite variety of species and the savannahs and grasslands of the world sustained great herds of wild and migrating animals.
Giraffes in African Grasslands
But now scientific research has discovered that something is terribly wrong with our environment and that much of our planet’s wildlife is in danger of going extinct.
Wildlife extinctions are not a new phenomena. On at least five occasions during our planet’s long geological history, catastrophic events wiped out vast numbers of species. The last great extinction happened sixty-five million years ago when a giant asteroid crashed into the Earth. The ash sealed the fate of the dinosaurs along with over seventy-five percent of the world’s plants and animals. But today, the threat of what scientists call “the sixth extinction” won’t come from outer space or a volcanic eruption. The next extinction will be the result of human activities.
The urgency to avoid a sixth extinction presents us with enormous challenges. What we need now are the efforts of people everywhere — all those who are willing to find ways to strike the right balance — between what we want — and what our planet's wildlife can endure.
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Read more about The State of the Planet’s Wildlife:
Introduction | Montana | The Everglades | Zambia