Geography of Music

Age of Revolution |  Age of Romanticism |  Age of Emerging Modernism |  Age of Art and Ideology

The World in the Age of Art and Ideology, 1920-1950
“There is nothing more honorable for a composer than to create works for and with the people.” – Shostakovich
The Roaring Twenties were followed by world-wide Depression. Hitler's aggression in Europe led to a Second World War. At the end of the war, Europe was devastated and the United States found itself with only one rival for economic and ideological influence in the world: the USSR. The Cold War between these nations took the form of regional Third World conflicts, a race for space technology, and international sporting meets. Even in the arts, individuals were expected to exemplify an ideological purity and loyalty to their nation. Artists tend to reject a simple translation of ideology into art, however, and their lack of loyalty was questioned in both the USSR and the USA.
GO TO »  WORLD   |   EUROPE  •  RUSSIA  •  USA   |   PARIS  •  NYC
lead funding provided by
Evelyn & Walter Haas, Jr. Fund
with generous support from Nan Tucker McEvoy, The James Irvine Foundation, The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Marcia and John Goldman, Ray and Dagmar Dolby Family Fund, the National Endowment for the Arts, William and Gretchen Kimball Fund, Lisa and John Pritzker, Mrs. Alfred S. Wilsey, Koret Foundation Fund, Lynn and Tom Kiley, Anita and Ronald Wornick, Roselyne Chroman Swig, Margaret Liu Collins & Edward B. Collins, the Acacia Foundation, Matt Cohler, The Bernard Osher Foundation, Betty and Jack Schafer, Felipe R. Santiago and Barry T. Joseph, Mary C. Falvey, Ann and Gordon Getty Foundation, Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey P. Hays, Mark Heising and Liz Simons, David and Janyce Hoyt, Laurence and Michèle Corash, Helen Berggruen, and others.