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Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution
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Revolution Enemies: 1792-1793

Louis XVI leaving family in the Temple Prison
Louis XVI leaving family in the Temple Prison

1792

October 11: The National Convention appoints a mostly Girondin committee to create the new constitution.
December 11: Trial of Louis XVI for treason begins.
December 15: Revolutionary policies are declared law in all territories occupied by French armies.
December 21: English House of Commons members encourage war against France to protect Louis XVI.
Loui XVI at trial
Loui XVI at trial

1793

January 14-17: The King is convicted of treason and then condemned to death. He is allowed one last farewell supper with his family and urges his young son not to seek vengeance.
January 21: Louis XVI is taken to the guillotine and executed.
The head of Louis XVI in the hands of the executioner
The head of Louis XVI in the hands of the executioner
February to March: In Paris attacks on shops and rioting occur over the desperate food shortage.
February 1: France declares war on Great Britain and the Netherlands.
February 24: The Convention decrees military conscription, forcing 300,000 male citizens to become soldiers.
Life during the bread shortages
Life during the bread shortages
March 7: France declares war on Spain.
Catholic and Royalist revolts against the Revolution begin in the Vendée and other parts of western France.
March 10: The Revolutionary Tribunal is created to try suspected enemies of the Republic.
March 21: Surveillance committees are created throughout France to identify suspected enemies or traitors to the nation.
April 21: Robespierre proposes a new version of the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen", which restricts property rights and establishes society’s duty to achieve the well-being of all citizens.
May 4: Price controls, known as “the maximum,” are established for grain.
June 24: The Convention approves radically democratic Constitution of 1793, to be ratified by national referendum, but immediately suspends it for duration of national emergency and war and it is never put into effect.
Louis Charles, Marie Antoinette's son, at the Temple Prison
Louis Charles, Marie Antoinette's son, at the Temple Prison
July 3: Marie Antoinette's remaining son, the Dauphin, is separated from the rest of the family and put under the tutelage of simple and sadistic shoemaker for his re-education.
July 13: Charlotte Corday assassinates Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat in his bath. Like Marie Antoinette, she will be seen as a heroine and martyr of the royalist cause.
July 26: Hoarding food and supplies is voted a capital crime.
August 2: Marie Antoinette is taken from her daughter Marie Therese and her sister-in-law, Madame Elisabeth, and transferred to the Conciergerie Prison.
August 23: Levée en masse or decree of universal conscription. The Convention orders the mobilization of the entire body of male citizens to serve in the Revolutionary Armies.
September 2: Republican journalist and politician Jacques Hébert promises readers “the head of Antoinette."

Timeline

Early Years 1755 - 1775Married to France: 1770-1780Queen as Mother: 1780-1786Financial Failings: 1787-1788Change of Power: 1789A Revolution: 1789-1790New Rule: 1791A Monarchy Falls: 1792Revolution Enemies: 1792-1793Reign of Terror: 1793-1794Aftermath: 1794-1799
Explore Versailles Queen's Chamber

King Louis XVI
Read more about King Louis XVI's life.

Marie Antoinette
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