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A HISTORY OF THE COMPUTER: MINI

Texas Instruments and Fairchild semiconductor both announce the integrated circuit in 1959.

Ivan Sutherland demonstrates a program called Sketchpad on a TX-2 mainframe at MIT's Lincoln Labs in 1962. It allows him to make engineering drawings with a light pen.

A typical minicomputer costs about $20,000.

1965: An IC that cost $1000 in 1959 now costs less than $10. Gordon Moore predicts that the number of components in an IC will double every year. This is known as Moore's Law.

Doug Engelbart demonstrates in 1968 a word processor, an early hypertext system and a collaborative application: three now common computer applications.

Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce found Intel in 1968.

Xerox creates its Palo Alto Research Center - Xerox PARC - in 1969. Its mission is to explore the "architecture of information."

Fairchild Semiconductor introduces a 256-bit RAM chip in 1970.

In late 1970 Intel introduces a 1K RAM chip and the 4004, a 4-bit microprocessor. Two years later comes the 8008, an 8-bit microprocessor.

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