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When most people think about the concentration camps of World War II, Auschwitz and other sites in Europe come to mind. But there were also camps in northern Africa, as mentioned by Ingrid Bergman's character, Ilsa Lund, in Casablanca, and as indicated on this map.

Educational Resources

LESSON PLAN: AMONG THE RIGHTEOUS

World War II was a global conflict yet most students are only familiar with the events in Europe or Asia. Understanding the dimensions of the Holocaust in French North Africa and the decisions made by inhabitants there is crucial to understanding the moral and ethical issues presented in this program.

U.S. HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM TEACHER GUIDES

Resources for teachers striving to help students learn the history of the Holocaust and reflect upon the moral and ethical questions raised by that history.

FACING HISTORY AND OURSELVES

Lesson plans to help students understand that history is not inevitable, and that the choices of ordinary citizens shape our lives and the lives of those around us.

DIGITAL ASSETS - IMAGES FROM NORTHERN AFRICA Use these primary sources to further students investigation into the Holocaust in Arab lands.

BACKGROUND: VICHY DISCRIMINATION IN NORTH AFRICA

The history of the Holocaust in France's three North African colonies (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia) is intrinsically tied to France's fate during this period.

BACKGROUND: JEWS IN FRENCH NORTH AFRICA

In 1939, French North Africa was composed of three colonies: Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. Arab and Berber Muslims made up by far the largest part of the population and Jews made up the smallest percentage.