Given the mandate of the president's commission to consider American intelligence
efforts ahead of the war in Iraq, the appointment of retired Adm. William
Studeman should come have come as no surprise -- his is a professional
history grounded in U.S. intelligence agencies.
Studeman, a former director of the National Security Agency and former deputy
director of the Central Intelligence Agency, now serves as a vice president
and deputy general manager for intelligence and information superiority at
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems, one of the nation's largest military contractors.
Born Jan. 16, 1940 in Brownsville, Texas, Studeman received a B.A. in history
in 1962 from the University of the South in Sewanee, Tenn. After studying at
the Defense Intelligence School for one year in 1966, Studeman later obtained
an M.A. in public and international affairs from George Washington University
in 1973. He also graduated from the Naval War College in 1973 and the National
War College in 1981.
In his post at Northrop
Grumman, Studeman "coordinates the sector's homeland
security activities and technology partnerships," in addition to other
Studeman joined TRW (which Northrop Grumman acquired in 2002) in September
1996, shortly after his retirement as a Navy admiral.
During his 34-year military service career, Studeman held a number of senior-level
leadership positions, including commander of the Navy Operational Intel Command
(1982-1984) and director of naval intelligence (1985-1988). In 1988, President
Reagan approved Studeman as the 12th director of the National Security Agency,
and in 1992, President George H.W. Bush nominated Studeman as deputy director
of the CIA. He held that post until 1995, serving twice as the acting CIA director
for months at a time.
According to Northrop Grumman's
Web site, "During [Studeman's] time in
the CIA he was responsible for implementing the National Performance Review
for downsizing, streamlining and reengineering the federal government."
Additionally, Studeman gained relevant insight and experience into intelligence
affairs and weapons programs developed by nations the United States considers
As acting CIA director in 1995, Studeman warned Congress about potential national
security threats, focusing on the dangers of the proliferation of weapons of
mass destruction in Iran, North Korea and Iraq.
In addition to President Bush's commission on prewar intelligence on Iraq,
Studeman sits on other government boards, including the Defense Science Board,
which he joined in 1996.
Compiled by Meghann Farnsworth for the Online NewsHour