U.S. - IRAQ RELATIONS
Powell Makes the U.S. Case Against Iraq: Secretary
of State Colin Powell presents photos, audio tapes and statements the
U.S. says offers "undeniable" evidence that Iraq has defied calls for
disarmament and continues to house weapons of mass destruction.
and Weapons of Mass Destruction: In
accepting the terms of the 1991 Gulf War cease-fire, Iraq's leaders
agreed to "destroy or render harmless" all weapons of mass
destruction. Iraq's continued refusal to allow unfettered United Nations
weapons inspections has made it a challenge to know what weapons Saddam
Hussein has at his disposal.
Policy on Iraq After the Gulf War: As the Gulf War ended on
February 28, 1991, American political and military leaders made the
decision not to invade Iraq with the intention of forcing Hussein from
power. It was a decision that has sparked numerous debates within the
military and diplomatic community and marked the beginning of a relationship
that has plagued three U.S. presidents. Many have argued that U.S. military
forces should have continued their operations in Iraq, invaded Baghdad
and forced Saddam Hussein from power.
1991 Gulf War: During
the early morning hours of January 17, 1991, an American-led strike
began in the skies over Baghdad that damaged Iraqi air bases, missile
sites and chemical and nuclear plants. Hundreds of aircraft from the
U.S., Britain and other allies participated in the massive raid on the
Iraqi capital. The strike represented the moment that the allies' "Operation
Desert Shield" aimed at protecting other nations from Iraq's
alleged aggression became "Operation Desert Storm",
a war with the specific goal of freeing the small emirate of Kuwait
from Iraqi forces.