Rosa Parks' quiet, yet defiant refusal to give up her seat to a white passenger
on a Montgomery, Ala. bus, sparked one of the longest and most influential civil
rights protests in the nation's history -- an effort that eventually led to a
Supreme Court decision that ended segregation on transportation in the United
Born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Ala., she
was the daughter of a carpenter and a teacher. At age 2, she moved to her grandparents'
farm in rural Alabama with her mother and younger brother, Sylvester. It was not
long after that Rosa Parks developed a thirst for education and deep faith in
God that would sustain her for the challenges that would lay head.