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News Wrap: Karzai rules out U.S. security deal, cites sovereignty differences

October 7, 2013 at 12:00 AM EDT
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JUDY WOODRUFF: In other news, the stalemate in Washington fed the unease on Wall Street, and sent stocks falling again. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 136 points to close at 14,936. The Nasdaq dropped 37 points to close at 3,770.

One federal institution did return to work today. The Supreme Court opened its new term by turning away hundreds of pending appeals. The first arguments of the session come tomorrow, when the court considers lifting the limits on campaign contributions by individuals. We will have more on this after the news summary.

In Iraq, coordinated explosions rocked Baghdad, killing at least 45 people. Eight of the attacks, mostly car bombs, struck commercial areas in mainly Shiite districts. More than 6,000 people have died in Iraq this year, most of them since the surge of violence began in April.

The president of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai, has ruled out signing a long-term security deal with the U.S. until differences over sovereignty are resolved. The pact would provide legal grounds for some foreign troops to remain in Afghanistan beyond the 2014 U.S. withdrawal date. But Karzai said today negotiations have been difficult.

PRESIDENT HAMID KARZAI, Afghanistan (through interpreter): The United States and NATO have not respected our sovereignty. Whenever they have found it suitable to them, they have acted against it. This has been a serious point of tension between us.

JUDY WOODRUFF: Karzai said he will convene a meeting of Afghan elders in one month to help him make a decision.

A senior al-Qaida figure is now on a U.S. warship in the Mediterranean being questioned in the 1998 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. He was captured by U.S. commandos on Saturday in Libya. A second U.S. raid failed to capture a top member of Al-Shabab in Somalia. More on this later in the program.

Egypt was rocked by new killings today. In southern Sinai, a suicide car bomber killed three policemen and wounded dozens more, and a drive-by shooting killed six soldiers outside Cairo. Meanwhile, funerals were held for some of the more than 50 people killed yesterday. They died in clashes between security forces and supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi.

Two Americans and a German researcher will share this year’s Nobel Prize for Medicine. They won today for discoveries on how critical chemicals move inside cells, work that could help treat diabetes and Alzheimer’s. The Americans are James Rothman of Yale and Randy Schekman of the University of California at Berkeley.

Schekman recounted the phone call he got early this morning.

RANDY SCHEKMAN, Nobel Prize Winner: So, he said, this is calling from Stockholm, and congratulations. And I realized that was it. And I didn’t — I had gone through this in my mind so many times of what I would say. And, of course, words escaped me at that moment. And I think all I said was, oh, my God, oh, my God.

JUDY WOODRUFF: And there’s more on this story coming later.

Opening statements began today in Cleveland in the case of an alleged $100 million fraud scheme that claimed to help Navy veterans. Prosecutors say John Donald Cody siphoned money from his fake charity and used some of the money for political donations, but little, if any, benefited veterans. Cody could face 40 years in prison.