ArticleFebruary 7th, 2013
Leaked Memo Justifies Killing Americans with Drones
A secret Justice Department document revealed this week outlines legal arguments for using drone aircraft to target and kill American citizens living abroad who are connected to the al-Qaida terrorist network and pose a “present an imminent threat to national security.”
The leaked document was a background report given to Senators who are members of a committee that works with the president on military and intelligence issues.
Why would the government want the power to kill Americans abroad?
In 2011, an American-born al- Qaida leader was one of 3 Americans killed in a U.S. drone strike in Yemen. Anwar al-Awlaki had connections to terrorist organizations, but his 16 year old son, who was also killed, did not, according to his family.
The leaked document suggests that the government is working to defend itself against civil liberties groups who argue such attacks deprive U.S. citizens of constitutional rights and protections.
Hina Shamsi of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) says the document gives the government too much power. “What appear like restrictions are no restrictions at all. You can see how it is easy to manipulate,” she said on the NewsHour.
The ACLU has filed lawsuits against the U.S. government challenging the legality of the drone program.
Government tries to balance security and freedom
Columbia Law School Professor Matthew Waxman believes the memo is a good starting point in defining the president’s power to engage in targeted killing.
“We should be concerned about the idea of the government being able to use lethal force against citizens, but we should also be concerned about the idea that terrorist leaders and plotters can plan attacks on the United States and the president would be powerless to take military action against them,” Waxman said on the NewsHour.
Responding to the criticism, Attorney General Eric Holder clarified, “We say that we only take these kinds of actions when there’s an imminent threat, when capture is not feasible and when we are confident that we’re doing so in a way that’s consistent with federal and international law.”
How are drones used?
The controversy highlights a growing unease with the nation’s drone program.
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (often called UAVs) are gaining popularity around the world; though the US is the largest user of drone technology, at least 11 other countries use UAVs as well.
Drones are controlled by pilots on the ground who use cameras and remote control to fly. They have been especially helpful to the military in the fights against terrorists in mountainous areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Much of the U.S. drone program is kept secret, even from the members of Congress who are supposed to be voting on drone use. However, it is known that there have been over 300 drone strikes and over 3,000 people killed by the strikes. It is unclear how many of those killed were civilians.
— Compiled by Alyssa Goard for NewsHour Extra
Submit Your Student Voice
Tooltip of RSS content 3
To Vote or Not to Vote – Lesson Plan
Why is voting an important responsibility for citizens? Less than 60 percent of eligible voters voted in the 2012 general election. Yet, for other Americans, voting is a very meaningful, almost sacred duty. In this lesson, students will view three short films that explore the importance of voting. Continue readingcitizenshipCivicscivil rightscivil rights act of 1965constitutionElection 2016GovernmentGovernment & CivicsimmigrationraceSocial StudiesSupreme CourtU.S. governmentVotevotingvoting historyvoting rights
Decoding Media Bias – Lesson Plan
Students will view the We The Voters film “MediOcracy,” and then examine current news stories and how they’re covered by the three main cable news outlets. They will conclude by examining news stories for bias/point of view. Continue readingbiascable networksCivicsElection 2016GovernmentGovernment & Civicsmediamedia biasMedia Literacynewsnews medianews organizationsSocial Studies
Polling Pitfalls – Lesson Plan
What do people need to consider when evaluating public opinion polls? After viewing The Poll Dance, students will examine important aspects of valid polling and evaluate three polls. Continue readingCivicsdemocracyElection 2016GovernmentpollingPollspollsterpublic opinionSocial StudiesU.S. government
Will Americans living in poor rural areas vote?
Some poorer residents of rural America say their voices are not being heard as part of the national political dialogue and the presidential election. Continue readingEconomicseconomyElection 2016low-incomeNorth Carolinapovertyrural AmericaSocial StudiesvoterWilkesboro
Student Reporting Labs STEM Lesson Plan: How well are our wells?
In the PBS NewsHour Student Reporting Lab video, “Water Scarcity for New Mexico Natives,” Las Cruces High School students describe climate changes and human activities which impact quality and availability of groundwater. In the lesson plan, students gather information from a low-cost physical model, choose a part of the groundwater and well problem, propose a solution and defend their proposal. Continue readingEPAgroundwaterScienceSRLSTEMstudent reporting labsUnited State Geological SurveyUSGSwaterwells