Daily VideoApril 7, 2010
Small Banks vs. Big Banks
A campaign has been gaining momentum around the country to encourage consumers to move their money from banks deemed “too big to fail” into smaller, community institutions. States and cities are considering legislation to move their dollars into smaller, local banks, and a Web site has popped up that provides a list of reputable small banks for those interested in moving their money.
But, some economists say moving money will not necessarily prevent another financial collapse. In the 1930s, the Great Depression began after many small banks failed, and some experts argue that today’s complex economy cannot function without large, profitable banks.
NewsHour Economics Correspondent Paul Solman looks at what’s behind the “move your money” movement.
“We’re going to hopefully send a message that we support the community banks and the credit unions that support our communities.” – State Rep. Brian Egolf (D-N.M.)
“We had 20,000 banks in this country. Now we have 8,000 banks. And my guess is, 10 years from now, we will have 5,000 banks or 4,000 banks. It’s good to have lots of competition. But the reality also is, is that bigger banks offer, generally, better products and services at, generally, really competitive prices. And the longer-term trend will be fewer smaller banks in the nation for that reason.” – Robert Kelly, CEO, BNY Mellon
“It’s possible to have a banking crisis even without too big to fail. It was a lot of small banks that collapsed the financial system in the 1930s.” – Paul Krugman, economist and New York Times columnist
“Size does matter, but you don’t need to be a large institution in order to be successful as a financial institution today.” – Kenneth Brennan, president & CEO, The Village Bank
Warm Up Questions
1. What do banks do?
2. What does the term “community bank” mean?
3. At the beginning of the recession, the government stepped in to help financial institutions it thought were “too big to fail.” What did the government fear would happen?
1. If the risky behavior of these very large institutions nearly brought the US economy to another Great Depression, do you think government regulation should limit the size of banks?
2. Can citizens take matters into their own hands by moving their deposits from these “too big” institutions to smaller local banks? How/why could this have a significant impact?
3. What are the costs and benefits to the consumer of making that move? Do you think local banks care more about their depositors?
4. What was the speaker’s argument who said “move your money” was a futile effort?
Tooltip of related stories
Tooltip of more video block
Submit Your Student Voice
The murder of Democratic National Committee staffer Seth Rich in July 2016 has led to a conspiracy theory based on unfounded claims linking Rich to WikiLeaks. Continue readingArts & CultureEconomicsHealthScienceU.S.UncategorizedWorld
There is a growing movement among young conservatives, including evangelical Christians, who support environmental regulations. They say it’s important to act as faithful stewards of the earth. One group, the Young Evangelicals for Climate Action, has grown to 10,000 members in the past five years. Continue readingArts & CultureEconomicsHealthScienceU.S.UncategorizedWorld
School districts around the country are debating whether or not to require seat belts on school buses. Requiring seat belts comes at a high cost for school districts already struggling with tight budgets. Continue readingArts & CultureEconomicsHealthScienceU.S.UncategorizedWorld
Since the firing of FBI Director James Comey earlier this week, the White House has contradicted itself several times as to the reasoning behind President Donald Trump’s decision. Continue readingArts & CultureEconomicsHealthScienceU.S.UncategorizedWorld
In a surprising move, President Donald Trump fired FBI Director James Comey on Tuesday after receiving recommendations from Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein and Attorney General Jeff Sessions. Continue readingArts & CultureEconomicsHealthScienceU.S.UncategorizedWorld