Acrostic: poetry in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word. The word is usually the subject of the poem.
As I eat it on my brownie
Not doubting it's sweet
Ice cream is a tasty treat
Lots of lingering taste
Lasting to the end
Always my favorite!
Haiku: an ancient Japanese
form with no rhyme. Haiku often deal with nature. This type of poetry
has three lines with a fixed number of syllables:
|The dying plant
And drips its dew to the ground
It falls like a tear
|Couplets: two-line poems with a fun and simple rhyming pattern. Each line has the same meter and their endings rhyme with one another. Couplets are often humorous.||My English teacher
wants me to use imagination
So I go to math class and let my mind go on vacation!
another Japanese form that depends on the number of lines and syllables
instead of rhyme:
|I have my own place
Where I can go for hours
I go there to write
It is not difficult to find
Search within your heart and mind.
Cinquain: a form consisting
of five lines. Each has a required number of syllables, and a specific
Waiting, watching, weeding
Enjoying all the while they grow
Diamonte poems: diamond-shaped
poems of seven lines that are written using parts of speech. The Diamonte
is a form similar to the Cinquain.
Loving, sharing, talking
Friendship, food, car, travels
Living, loving, enjoying
|Limericks: whimsical poems with five lines. Lines one, two, and five rhyme with each other and lines three and four rhyme with each other. Rhyme pattern: AABBA||A flea and a fly
in a flue
Were caught, so what could they do?
Said the fly, "Let us flee."
"Let us fly," said the flea.
So they flew through a flaw in the flue.
|Proverbs: have been called the shortest art form. They use devices associated with poetry- rhyme, rhythm, and metaphors. They provide vivid imagery to teach a moral lesson.||"If one thinks he is the wisest, he is not wise at all."|
|Shape Poems (concrete poems): poem that form a visible picture on the page. The shape usually reflects the subject of the poem.||
Trees blossoming in the spring
Clouds above give rain
Fruit will come soon
Nature is at work
|Rap: spoken-word expression of urban activists that began in the 1960s. In the early 70s "rapping" evolved into spoken rhymes about street life put to the beat of DJ-manipulated drum machines and turntables. Click here for more on rap.||Don't wait to beat
Stay in school and keep your seat
The entire eight parts of speech
Will your reading, writing, and speaking teach!
|Free Verse: poetry without rules of form, rhyme, rhythm, or meter.||What do the oceans
do at night?
Do they tease and tickle the bottom of boats?
Do they ripple away in fright?
Or are the beaches like coats
That keep them still and quiet
And once the day breaks and it's breakfast time
Do the oceans wish for some other diet than fish?
|Sonnets: poems of 14 lines that begin with three quatrains and end with a couplet. The couplet usually contains a surprise ending or "turn." William Shakespeare is one of the most famous sonnet writers in history.||
Why do we continue to kill in various ways?
The gift of life is extremely short
|Narrative poems: tell stories and are usually long. Epics and ballads are narrative poems.||
There once was a man named Bob
His pets were hungry most of the day
He walked through the door and looked around
The policeman came out with a shout
With his last breath
|Quatrains: rhyming poems of four lines. Poets use letters to express the rhyme pattern or scheme. The four types of quatrain rhyme are: AABB,(shown at right) ABAB, ABBA, and ABCB.||Picnic planning
Traveling up the mountains so high!
What an adventure for me
Because I prefer mountains to sea!
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