Lesson PlansBack to lesson plans archive April 23, 2012
Leaders, warlords and dictators: What’s the difference? – Lesson Plan
By Imani M. Cheers, Ph.D.
Social Studies, History, World History
Two-Three 45 minute periods
9 – 12
- Learn the differences between a leader, warlord and dictator using historic and contemporary examples.
- Understand the role of the International Criminal Court
- Conduct a mock trial
In this lesson, students will explore the difference characteristics between a leader, warlord and dictator using contemporary examples. Students will then be divided into teams and using one of the 10 examples (or other more relevant examples for your classroom) prepare and conduct a Mock trial.
Throughout history countries around the world have experienced strife, turmoil, peace and prosperity. During periods of unrest and transitions of leadership different types of rulers have risen to power through military force, democratic election and succession.
- Take a poll amongst your students and ask them:
- What is the difference between a leader, warlord and dictator? Survey the responses, recording various answers.
- Using a map of the world ask students to name various examples for each of the previous titles. Survey the responses, recording various answers.
- Inquire who can identify the following leaders, warlords and dictators. Survey the responses, recording various answers.
- Idi Amin
- Adolf Hitler
- Saddam Hussein
- Kim Jong-il
- Omar Al-Bashir
- Robert Mugabe
- Bashar al-Assad
- Hosni Mubarak
- Charles Taylor
- Mobutu Sese Seko
- Divide students into teams allowing them to conduct research on one of the 10 aforementioned leaders, warlords and/or dictators.
- During their research, inquire about their knowledge of the International Criminal Court. Survey their responses, recording various answers.
- Prepare your class to conduct a Mock Trial. Explain to students that they will now delve further into the mock trial process, requiring them to mine core texts for quotes, facts, insights and perspectives.
- Familarize students with the process, especially the players in a trial courtroom (prosecutor, defending attorney, juror, bailiff, defendant, witness) and the stages of a trial. Provide them with related resources including the American Bar Association’s guide to mock trials (PDF), the New Hampshire Bar Association’s Overview of the Legal System for students (PDF), Classroom Law Project’s Manual for Mock Trial (PDF) and FindLaw’s explanations of the stages of criminal and civil cases .
Have students build a multimedia project prosecuting or defending their assigned leader, warlord or dictator. Use the links below for assistance.
- Creating a Multimedia Presentation: Step-by-Step How to Make a Presentation
- Presentation Magazine: How to Create a Multimedia Presentation
- The Society for Safe and Caring Schools and Communities, “A Novel Idea: Creating Multimedia Presentations”
The Materials You Need
Tooltip of materials
Common Core Standards
Tooltip of standarts
Relevant National Standards:
- Standard 1: Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies
- Standard 45: Understands major global trends since World War II
- Standard 1: Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
- Standard 4: Gathers and uses information for research purposes
- Standard 5: Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process
- Standard 7: Uses reading skills and strategies to understand and interpret a variety of informational texts
- Standard 8: Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
- Standard 9: Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media Working with Others
- Standard 1: Contributes to the overall effort of a group
- Standard 4: Displays effective interpersonal communication skills
- Standard 1: Understands and applies the basic principles of presenting an argument
- Standard 6: Applies decision-making techniques
Listening and Speaking
Thinking and Reasoning
Tooltip of related stories
Tooltip of more video block
Tooltip of RSS content 3
Tweets from classes on Inauguration Day
High school students traveled from across the U.S. to attend President Donald Trump’s inauguration on…Donald TrumpGovernment & CivicsinaugurationSocial Studies
Donald Trump sworn in as 45th president
At noon on Friday, Donald Trump was sworn into office by Chief Justice John Roberts on the steps of the United States Capitol Building.Donald TrumpGovernment & CivicsInauguration DayU.S. presidency
How to watch Inauguration Day 2017 with your students
On Friday, Donald Trump will be sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. Find out where to watch the events with your class. Continue readingGovernment & CivicsinaugurationPresidency
Education nominee Betsy DeVos faces questions on school choice
The confirmation hearing for President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee for education secretary, Betsy DeVos, saw many questions about her support of school choice and charters. Continue readingBetsy DeVosDonald Trumpeducation
STUDENT VOICE: Trump’s cabinet is disaster for climate change fight
A Maryland high school student shares her concerns about climate policy in the upcoming Trump administration. Continue readingclimate changeDonald Trumpenvironmental issuesParis AgreementScott PruittStudent Voicesustainability