The following is the summary of recommendations from the Mitchell
Report completed on April 30, 2001 and published on May 20, 2001.
SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS
The Government of Israel (GOI) and the Palestinian Authority (PA)
must act swiftly and decisively to halt the violence. Their immediate
objectives then should be to rebuild confidence and resume negotiations.
The restoration of trust is essential, and the parties should take affirmative
steps to this end. Given the high level of hostility and mistrust, the
timing and sequence of these steps are obviously crucial. This can be
decided only by the parties. We urge them to begin the process of decision
Accordingly, we recommend that steps be taken to:
END The VIOLENCE
* The GOI and the PA should reaffirm their commitment to existing agreements
and undertakings and should immediately implement an unconditional cessation
* The GOI and PA should immediately resume security cooperation.
* The PA and GOI should work together to establish a meaningful "cooling
off period" and implement additional confidence building measures.
* The PA and GOI should resume their efforts to identify, condemn and
discourage incitement in all its forms.
* The PA should make clear through concrete action to Palestinians and
Israelis alike that terrorism is reprehensible and unacceptable, and
that the PA will make a 100 percent effort to prevent terrorist operations
and to punish perpetrators. This effort should include immediate steps
to apprehend and incarcerate terrorists operating within the PA's jurisdiction.
* The GOI should freeze all settlement activity, including the "natural
growth" of existing settlements.
* The GOI should ensure that the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) adopt and
enforce policies and procedures encouraging non-lethal responses to
unarmed demonstrators, with a view to minimizing casualties and friction
between the two communities.
* The PA should prevent gunmen from using Palestinian populated areas
to fire upon Israeli populated areas and IDF positions. This tactic
places civilians on both sides at unnecessary risk.
* The GOI should lift closures, transfer to the PA all tax revenues
owed, and permit Palestinians who had been employed in Israel to return
to their jobs; and should ensure that security forces and settlers refrain
from the destruction of homes and roads, as well as trees and other
agricultural property in Palestinian areas. We acknowledge the GOI's
position that actions of this nature have been taken for security reasons.
Nevertheless, the economic effects will persist for years.
* The PA should renew cooperation with Israeli security agencies to
ensure, to the maximum extent possible, that Palestinian workers employed
within Israel are fully vetted and free of connections to organizations
and individuals engaged in terrorism.
* The PA and GOI should consider a joint undertaking to preserve and
protect holy places sacred to the traditions of Jews, Muslims, and Christians.
* The GOI and PA should jointly endorse and support the work of Palestinian
and Israeli non-governmental organizations involved in cross-community
initiatives linking the two peoples.
* In the spirit of the October 2000 Sharm el-Sheikh agreements and
understandings of 1999, we recommend that the parties meet to reaffirm
their commitment to signed agreements and mutual understandings, and
take corresponding action.
This should be the basis for resuming full and meaningful negotiations.