Unlike her predecessors South Africa's new Health Minister, Barbara Hogan, is promoting safer sex, testing, antiretroviral drugs, and disease education to try and fight the spread of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.
For years HIV and AIDS were not talked about in public discourse and the former president and health minister even questioned the link between the two, creating confusion and misinformation around treatment.
In this report Ray Suarez talks to experts, citizens, and business owners about how South Africa's unique history of apartheid and gender relations helped to shape the AIDS epidemic there.
"You know, we thought we got liberation, now we could move on. And now this deadly thing comes along and kind of mows us down. It's frightening."--Barbara Hogan, Health Minister
"Unfortunately, the numbers and the epidemic are moving in the wrong direction. We found that maternal deaths have increased instead of decreased, infant deaths have increased instead of decreased, and childhood deaths have increased, instead of decreased. So we have actually gone as a country in the wrong direction."—Dr. Helene Rees, HIV-AIDS expert
"People do have information. But when we look at also the people that are being infected, mainly women, you know, they still don't have power, you know, to take control of themselves, you know, the reason being that, you know, most of the women are not working. They are depending on, you know, men to provide."—Winnie Moleko, Women's health advocate.
"It's very difficult to watch your employees getting sick and dying and going on early ill health retirement in their 30s and 40s and dying. You just can't tolerate that. And as a business, we realize that we couldn't wait for this thing to get sorted out."—Dr. Brian Brink, Anglo American Corporation.
1. Are there governments that still sanction racial segregation?
2. How can the law widen economic and social disparities between different racial and ethnic groups?
3. What was apartheid in South Africa? When did it end? What might be some lasting legacies?
1. How did this video change your understanding of AIDS?
2. Some experts say that women cannot protect themselves against AIDS in South Africa; do you see any ways to help them? How is it different in the United States?
3. The mining company, the Anglo American Corporation took healthcare into their own hands, do you think this is a good idea? Why or why not? How is this different than the way healthcare works in the United States?
4. In the report, Carrabo Carbella a South African man says that he and other men will not wear condoms because “as I'm an African, I won't use a condom.” How can the government and health organizations protect the population if this is true? Do you think there are similar sentiments in the United States?
Read the trasncript:
South Africa Faces New and Old Challenges:
In Depth: Global Health: