The executive branch is made up of an elected president and an appointed more...
The executive branch is made up of an elected president and an appointed vice president and cabinet.
The president, who is the chief of state, head of government and the commander in chief of the armed forces, is elected to a five-year term by a direct popular vote and is eligible for two terms.
A presidential candidate needs to win the absolute majority of votes, as well as win 25 percent or more of the vote in at least five of Kenya's provinces.
President Mwai Kibaki, of the Party of National Unity, was elected for his second term as president in highly contested elections on Dec. 27, 2007. Kibaki is a Kikuyu from Central province and had served as a member of parliament since Kenya's independence in 1963, prior to being elected president for the first time in 2002.
Kenya has a unicameral National Assembly, or parliament, with 224 seats, 210 of which are elected by popular vote, 12 are nominated and the Attorney General and House Speaker are ex-officio members. All members serve five years.
The president has the power to dissolve the parliament at any time and the parliament can also vote for its own dissolution with a two-thirds vote.
There are more than 100 registered political parties in Kenya. The Orange Democratic Movement won the majority in the National Assembly in the December 2007 elections. Prior to 2002, when the National Rainbow Coalition won the general elections, the Kenya African National Union had ruled the country since its independence in 1963.
The judicial branch is made up of the High Court, magistrate's courts and Kadhi courts, or Sharia courts.
The High Court of Kenya has unlimited criminal and civil jurisdiction for new cases, and is the court of appeals for lower courts. It is made up of a Chief Justice, High Court judges and judges of Kenya's Court of Appeal. All members of the High Court are appointed by the president.
Resident Magistrate's courts have countrywide jurisdiction and can pass any sentence authorized by law. The District Magistrate Courts have jurisdiction within the districts and powers of punishment by imprisonment for up to five years.
Kadhi's Courts have jurisdiction within districts, for matters pertaining to Islamic law.