Oct. 21, 2010
Battles Militancy in Shape of Al-Shabab
The militant Islamist group known as al-Shabab is deepening control
over much of south and central Somalia and parts of the country's
capital Mogadishu, posing greater threats to the U.S.-backed government
in Somalia and the United States itself.
Sept. 21, 2010
Premier Resigns Over Tussle With President
Somalia's Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke announced
his resignation Tuesday after months of disagreement with the
president and stepped up attacks by insurgents.
July 7, 2010
Somalia, Political Instability Sustains Humanitarian Crisis
As the nearly two-decade-old political turmoil continues in the
troubled East African nation of Somalia, Jeffrey Brown has a rare
look into the failed state's clashing militias and humanitarian
crises with New York Times reporter Jeffrey Gettleman.
Show: Somalia's Battle Scars
August 6, 2009
Instability Poses Challenge for Anti-Terror Efforts
Secretary of State Clinton spent the second day of her African
tour expressing support for the fragile transitional government
in Somalia. Margaret Warner reports on the visit, and the risks
posed by the Somali government's struggles to combat extremist
groups linked to al-Qaida.
August 6, 2009
Fighting Deepen Somalia's Troubles
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton vowed to "expand and extend"
U.S. support for Somalia's fragile government during a sub-Saharan
Africa trade forum on Aug. 6. Fighting between government forces
and Islamic militants is compounding the economic problems in
June 18, 2009
Bombing in Somalia Kills at Least 20
A suicide bombing in western Somalia killed at least 20 people
Thursday, including National Security Minister Omar Hashi Aden.
An extremist group with links to al-Qaida claimed responsibility.
April 13, 2009
Piracy Poses New Challenge for U.S. Ships
President Obama vowed Monday to halt the rise of piracy as details
emerged about the rescue of a U.S. sea captain. Analysts weigh
how to best protect U.S. ships from pirates.
April 13, 2009
Rescue Frees Captive U.S. Sea Captain
After a daring rescue operation by U.S. Navy Special Forces, a
U.S. sea captain held hostage by pirates off the coast of Somalia
was freed Sunday, ending a five-day standoff but leading some
pirate groups based in the Horn of Africa to vow revenge.
April 10, 2009
Pirates Thwart U.S. Captain's Escape
American ship captain Richard Phillips tried to swim away from
his Somali captors Friday but was quickly recaptured, as another
pirate ship and a U.S. warship headed to the scene about 200 miles
off the coast of Somalia.
Jeffrey Gettleman of The New York Times provides an update on
the piracy situation.
Full NewsHour Coverage of Somali Pirates
April 9, 2009
Navy Join Negotiations for Pirates to Release Captain
After Wednesday's hijacking of a U.S. cargo ship, pirates continued
to hold Capt. Richard Phillips hostage in a lifeboat adrift in
the Indian Ocean. A Financial Times correspondent talks about
the negotiations, including Navy and FBI involvement.
April 8, 2009
U.S. Crew Endures Pirate Encounter Off Somali Coast, Captain Held
Off the Somali coast, pirates hijacked a cargo ship and later
held the captain hostage. Brian Jenkins, a specialist in hostage
negotiations and adviser to the International Maritime Bureau,
examines the situation.
April 8, 2009
Hijack American Crew off Coast of Somalia
The U.S.-flagged Maersk Alabama, a Danish-owned ship carrying
relief aid to Kenya, was seized in the Indian Ocean off the coast
of Somalia with 20 American crew members aboard.
December 29, 2008
President's Departure Marks Next Step for Transitional Government
Somalia's President Abdullahi Yusuf resigned Monday after failing
to stabilize the African country that has lacked a functioning
central government for 17 years.
December 17, 2008
Takes New Steps to Curb Somalia's Pirates
After several recent pirate attacks, the U.N. Security Council
authorized land and air operations to help stop the flow of the
fighters from bases in Somalia. Experts examine the ramifications
of the U.N. action.
November 19, 2008
Somali Pirates Increase Attacks
Somali pirates are increasing the frequency of their attacks and
targeting larger ships, targeting oil supertankers and grain cargo
vessels. Experts explain the rise in modern-day piracy and the
efforts among the international community to curb the problem.
Experts Answer Your Questions on Somali Pirate Activity
November 17, 2008
Pirates Hijack Oil Tanker Headed for the U.S.
Somali pirates hijacked a Saudi-owned supertanker Saturday hundreds
of miles off the Horn of Africa, seizing the ship loaded with
crude oil and its 25-member international crew, the U.S. Navy
August 22, 2008
Dead in Southern Somalia Clashes
At least 70 people have been killed over the past few days in
battles between Somalia's Islamist al-Shabaab rebels and a pro-government
clan militia in the southern part of the country.
May 5, 2008
Riot in Somalia over Food Prices; 2 People Killed
Tens of thousands of people protested in Somalia's capital Mogadishu
over high food prices Monday. At least two people were killed
and several more injured when police opened fire on the rioting
May 1, 2008
on Terror Target Sheds Light on Somalia's Instability
The U.S. military led airstrikes against terrorism suspects in
Somalia Thursday, killing a suspected al-Qaida leader. A panel
of experts offer perspective on what the strike may mean for security
in the region, the Somali people and the U.S. war on terror.
March 26, 2008
Islamists Capture Town; Aid Agencies Call for Action
Islamist fighters took control of the town of Jowhar, Somalia,
on Wednesday in an ongoing insurgency against the Western-backed
government that has gathered steam in recent months.
March 3, 2008
Targets Member of al-Qaida in Somalia Attack
The United States launched an attack against "a known al-Qaida
terrorist" in a southern Somali town, the Pentagon said Monday.
January 18, 2008
Head Calls for Peacekeepers to Stay in Somalia
African Union Commission Chairman Alpha Oumar Konare called Friday
for peacekeeping troops to remain in Somalia for an additional
six months amid near daily clashes in the capital, Mogadishu.
November 26, 2007
Humanitarian Crisis Continues to Grip Somalia
Ongoing violence in Somalia has worsened the humanitarian situation
in the war-torn East African country with disease, displacement
and hunger among the problems. Two Somalia experts examine the
crisis and the international community's response.
October 15, 2007
Among Troops, Insurgents Fuel Further Violence in Somalia
Unrest in violence-plagued Somalia continues amid tensions over
the presence of Ethiopian troops who entered the country last
year to oust an Islamic government. Independent Television News
reports on the military and humanitarian situation in the East
June 7, 2007
Government Works to Stem Booming Illegal Arms Trade
Somalia's Transitional Federal Government launched a security
crackdown in April to disarm Mogadishu, but efforts to confiscate
weapons have yet to bring peace or stability to the ravaged African
April 26, 2007
Leader Declares Victory in War with Militants
After a nine-day offensive by Ethiopian and Somali forces to clear
Islamic militants from the capital city Mogadishu, Somalia's prime
minister declared victory over the insurgents Thursday.
March 30, 2007
Rebels Shoot Down Helicopter as Clashes Worsen
In Somalia's most violent clashes in months, Islamic insurgents
and clan militias battled Ethiopian and Somali government forces,
hitting an Ethiopian helicopter with a rocket-propelled grenade
March 23, 2007
Aiding AU Peacekeepers Shot Down
A cargo plane taking off from Mogadishu was shot down Friday,
after delivering equipment to Ugandan peacekeepers in Somalia's
March 6, 2007
African Union Peacekeepers Encounter Mortar Fire
Just hours after African Union peacekeepers from Uganda landed
in Mogadishu Tuesday, insurgents launched mortar attacks on the
airport and on Somali government targets.
January 26, 2007
in Somalia Furthers Humanitarian Crisis
The ongoing conflict between Somalia's transitional government
and Islamist groups has exacerbated an already desperate humanitarian
crisis in the country due to drought and flooding.
January 9, 2007
Launches Airstrikes in Southern Somalia
The United States has launched airstrikes against suspected al-Qaida
forces in southern Somalia, the first acknowledged American military
action inside the country since 1994. Two regional experts assess
the U.S. operation and targets.
January 8, 2007
President Returns Government to Embattled Capital
Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf returned to Mogadishu on Monday,
reclaiming the capital as the seat of his government for the first
time since taking office in 2004.
January 3, 2007
Countries Plead for International Aid in Somalia
Ethiopian and Somali leaders are calling for international peacekeepers
to help stabilize Somalia. Meanwhile, Kenya bolstered border security
to keep fleeing Islamists from entering the country. Experts discuss
what comes next for Somalia and the region.
January 1, 2007
Backed Troops Take Last Major City from Somali Islamists
After two weeks of clashes, troops of Somalia's fledgling U.N.-organized
government swept into the southern city of Kismayo with the help
of Ethiopian firepower Monday, taking back the final major city
controlled by Islamic militias.
December 28, 2006
Troops Capture Somali Capital from Islamists
Nearly a week after Somali soldiers and their Ethiopian allies
began fighting Islamic militias that claimed control over most
the country, government troops entered Mogadishu unopposed Thursday
forcing the Islamists to retreat.
December 26, 2006
in Somalia Escalating Toward War
Fighting between Somali Islamists and interim government forces
has escalated in recent days. After a background report, Ray Suarez
talks with two experts about the reasons for the conflict and
the possibility of it enveloping the Horn of Africa region.
December 20, 2006
Islamists Clash with Ethiopian Forces
Ethiopian troops in Somalia to defend the country's embattled
government exchanged heavy gunfire with Somali Islamist forces
Wednesday, a day after an Islamist deadline passed demanding that
the Ethiopians leave or face war.
December 15, 2006
of War Rises in Somalia; Islamists Set Deadline for Ethiopian
Residents of the Somali town of Baidoa stocked up on emergency
provisions Friday as tensions between Somalia's Islamic Court
fighters and government-backed Ethiopian troops heated up.
July 20, 2006
Troops Enter Somalia to Resist Islamic Militia
Ethiopian troops rolled into the Somali town of Baidoa Thursday,
Somali residents and other witnesses reported, in an effort to
bolster the country's transitional government currently under
threat from Islamic militants.
June 22, 2006
Political Factions Reach Cease-fire Agreement
Somalia's interim government and the rival Islamic Courts Movement
vowed to end fighting and work toward peace in an agreement signed
Thursday in the two groups' first ever high-level talks.
June 14, 2006
Islamist Militants Seize Town from Warlords
Somali Islamist militias that took over the capital Mogadishu
last week ousted warlords from the strategic town of Jowhar on
June 8, 2006
Control of Mogadishu Raises Concern of Extremist Future for Somalia
Islamic militias that recently took control of the Somali capital
Mogadishu after nearly a decade of warlord rule are drawing widespread
support among Somali citizens for their efforts to stabilize the
June 6, 2006
Militia Takes Control of Somali Capital
A day after Islamic militias took control of Mogadishu from warlords,
the U.S. State Department expressed concerns that Somalia could
become a "safe haven" for foreign terrorists.
June 5, 2006
Militias Claim Control of Embattled Capital of Mogadishu
Islamic militias took control of the Somali capital of Mogadishu
Monday from warlords who have controlled the city since the 1991
ouster of former dictator Mohamed Siad Barre.
May 25, 2006
Drought Hits Horn of Africa
Millions of people in Somalia and Kenya "are on the brink of starvation"
because of a severe drought that has swept the Horn of Africa.
March 29, 2006
Plagues Horn of Africa
Drought and hunger are spreading quickly across east Africa, specifically
in Somalia and Kenya, damaging the countryside and killing families.
A report on the severity of the famine and ways that organizations
are helping soothe the plight.