1999 - Kargil War, Pakistani incursion into India-controlled Kashmir
Pakistani-led troops, including a unit headed by then-Gen. Pervez Musharraf, crossed
the border into Indian-controlled Kashmir. Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee
launched air strikes to push out the Pakistani army. Pakistan asserted it was
fighting for Kashmir's liberation while India maintained its control of the southern
portion of the province was legitimate.
The conflict subsided when Pakistani
President Nawaz Sharif ordered the army to withdraw to its side of the line of
control. The leaders officially ended fighting with the Lahore Declaration, which
stressed that both countries must respect the line of control.
12, 1999 - Musharraf takes power in military coup
Gen. Pervez Musharraf
staged a military coup, overthrowing the elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
The Pakistani Supreme Court later validated Musharraf's leadership.
1999 - Terrorists hijack Indian flight
Terrorists hijacked an Indian
flight bound for Katmandu, Nepal, and demanded the release of members of Kashmiri
separatist groups, such as the Jaish-e-Mohammad leader, Maulana Masood Azhar.
155 people trapped aboard the plane were released after eight days, while the
hijackers escaped. Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee blamed Pakistan for supporting
the hijacking; Pakistan rejected those claims as untrue and "very irresponsible."