1947, the United Nations created the modern state of Israel. The move
partitioned the former British protectorate of Palestine into two sections.
It was a decision opposed by all Arab nations, many of whom immediately
declared war on the state.
In a series of bloody wars, Israel and its
Arab neighbors fought over the right of the Jewish state to exist. Military
victories expanding Israel's territory were interspersed with attempts
to find understanding and peaceful coexistence.
At several moments during
the later half of the 20th century, Israeli and Arab leaders came to
the negotiation table hoping to find ways to bring stability to the
from the five major peace efforts listed above to learn more about the
successful and unsuccessful talks that have marked the modern history