Dec. 24, 2008
Panel Spotlights Plight of Religious Minorities in Iraq
Although progress has been made to reconcile differences between
Shia and Sunni Iraqis, other non-Muslims there are suffering "severe
abuses of religious freedom," a U.S. advisory group recently reported.
U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom's report on
Dec. 18, 2008
Officials Arrested on Baath Party Suspicions
At least 23 officials from Iraq's interior and defense ministries
have been arrested on suspicion of working to reconstitute Saddam
Hussein's outlawed Baath party.
Dec. 17, 2008
Troops to Withdraw From Iraq by Mid-2009
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced Wednesday that British
troops will withdraw from Iraq by the end of July 2009, ending
a mission that that provided the second-largest military presence
in the country after the U.S.
Dec. 15, 2008
Final Iraq Visit Prompts Mixed Responses
President Bush ended his farewell trip to Iraq and Afghanistan
on Monday, where he met with officials about security matters
and visited U.S. troops stationed in both conflict zones. Two
Middle East analysts discuss the Bush administration's legacy
Dec. 11, 2008
Bombing in Kirkuk Kills at Least 55
In one of the deadliest attacks in Iraq in the past six months,
a suicide bomber killed at least 55 people and wounded 120 Thursday
in a crowded restaurant in Kirkuk, a city in northern Iraq.
Dec. 8, 2008
Pursues Charges Against Blackwater Guards in Iraqis' Deaths
Federal charges against five Blackwater Worldwide guards were
unsealed Monday in relation to a 2007 incident in Baghdad that
left 14 Iraqis dead and another 20 injured. NPR reporter Dina
Temple-Raston discusses the charges and the legal strategy on
Nov. 27, 2008
Parliament Approves U.S. Security Deal
Iraq's parliament approved Thursday a security pact with the United
States that outlines the withdrawal of U.S. troops by the end
of 2011 and may mark a turning point in Iraqi sovereignty. A reporter
in Baghdad discusses the next steps with Judy Woodruff.
Nov. 24, 2008
Bombings Kill at Least 20 in Baghdad
Three bombings struck Baghdad Monday morning in separate attacks
that killed at least 20 people. The bombings came two days before
a planned vote on a security pact that would allow U.S. troops
to stay in the country for three more years.
Nov. 21, 2008
Protest U.S. Security Deal in Baghdad
As Iraqi lawmakers spar over approval of a new U.S.-Iraqi security
deal, scores of followers of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr
took to the streets Friday to protest the pact, chanting slogans
and burning an effigy of President George W. Bush.
Nov. 17, 2008
Lawmakers Evaluate Long-awaited U.S. Security Deal
Iraqi lawmakers began debate Monday over a security agreement
that will allow U.S. forces to remain in the country until the
end of 2011. Analysts discuss the plan's details and remaining
obstacles to its approval.
Nov. 10, 2008
VA Confront Rising Suicide Rates Among Troops
The Army says that suicides among active duty personnel have doubled
in recent years, and multiple deployments might contribute to
that increase. NewsHour correspondent Betty Ann Bowser reports.
Nov. 10, 2008
in Baghdad, Baqouba Kills Dozens
Explosions in Baghdad and in the northeast city of Baqouba left
dozens dead and many wounded Monday morning, the Iraqi Interior
Oct. 30, 2008
Contractors Left Out of Iraq Status of Forces Pact
A draft Status of Forces Agreement negotiated between the U.S.
and Iraqi governments gives Iraq legal jurisdiction over U.S.
contractors, but questions have arisen over whether it applies
to State Department contractors, such as Blackwater USA, or just
Oct. 22, 2008
Resists Changes to Iraq Security Deal
U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Tuesday that Washington
does not want to change a draft deal governing U.S. troops in
Iraq, despite concerns raised by Iraqi politicians.
Oct. 16, 2008
Pact Says U.S. Forces Would Leave Iraq in 2011
After months of talks, Washington and Baghdad settled upon a draft
security deal that would have U.S. troops leave Iraq by the end
of 2011 unless Iraq asks them to stay longer.
Oct. 2, 2008
Bombers Attack Two Baghdad Mosques
Two suicide bombers detonated explosives near two mosques in Baghdad
as Shiite worshippers were celebrating the end of Ramadan, killing
at least 24 people and injuring more than 50, said police.
Oct. 1, 2008
Forever War' Author Dexter Filkins Recounts Covering Iraq, Afghanistan
New York Times war correspondent Dexter Filkins' book, "The Forever
War," provides a window into his experiences covering the wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan for much of the last decade. He talks
to Jeffrey Brown about reporting from the front lines.
Oct. 1, 2008
Transfers Sunni Fighters to Iraqi Control
The U.S. military on Wednesday began transferring control of about
100,000 fighters under the Sunni Awakening Councils, who are working
to defeat al-Qaida in the region, to the Iraqi government.
Sept. 25, 2008
Months of Wrangling, Iraqi Government Approves Election Law
After months of deadlock and negotiations, Iraq's Parliament overwhelmingly
approved a provincial elections law on Wednesday, giving a much-needed
boost to the country's U.S.-supported reconciliation efforts.
Sept. 16, 2008
Iraq Surge Behind Him, Petraeus Takes Larger Command
Twenty months after taking charge of a new troop surge in Iraq,
Gen. David Petraeus passed on some hard-earned and still fragile
security gains to his replacement, Gen. Ray Odierno, Tuesday.
Specialists assess the challenges both generals now face in the
Sept. 9, 2008
Plan on Iraq, Afghan Troop Levels Stirs Strategy Debate
President Bush said Tuesday that the U.S. would maintain Iraq
troop levels until next year and increase resources for Afghanistan.
Retired Army Gen. Jack Keane and Retired Brig. Gen. David McGinnis
weigh the strategy.
Sept. 9, 2008
Bush Says 8,000 Troops to Return From Iraq by Early 2009
President Bush on Tuesday announced plans to pull out 8,000 combat
and support troops from Iraq by February, a modest drawdown in
U.S. forces there that would leave some 138,000 U.S. troops in
Sept. 1, 2008
Turns Over Once Violent Anbar Province to Iraqis
The U.S. military handed over control of the once-volatile Anbar
province to Iraqi forces Monday, marking a milestone in U.S. plans
to send troops home.
Aug. 22, 2008
U.S. Move Closer to Troop Pullout Date
Iraqi and U.S. officials came closer to a long-term security deal
Thursday by agreeing to a withdrawal of American forces by the
end of 2011, though other sticking points remained such as immunity
for U.S. troops in Iraq.
Aug. 21, 2008
U.S., Iraq Close on Timetable Agreement
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Iraqi Foreign Minister
Hoshyar Zebari said Thursday that timetables should be set for
a U.S. troop withdrawal, but conceded that nailing down a broader
pact on future relations has been difficult.
Aug. 6, 2008
Sees Security Gains, But Political Progress Lags
The recent U.S. troop surge in Iraq helped reduce violence in
the country, giving Iraqi lawmakers time to sort out long-held
political and sectarian divisions. A journalist and a regional
expert discuss lingering political stalemates in Iraq.
Aug. 5, 2008
Plan Would Allow Local Elections to Proceed in Iraq
A new U.N. plan presented late Monday would allow nationwide provincial
elections to go forward in most of Iraq, except in the disputed
area of Kirkuk, politicians said Tuesday.
July 31, 2008
Dips in Iraq, Fueling Talk of Troop Drawdowns
Defense chief Robert Gates said Thursday that security in Iraq
has "improved dramatically" and that he sees "a real possibility"
of future troop cuts. Sens. Jim Webb, D-Va., and Richard Lugar,
R-Ind., offer insight.
July 28, 2008
in Iraqi City of Kirkuk Raise Security Concerns
Following a lull in violence in Iraq, bombings in the cities of
Baghdad and Kirkuk killed dozens and wounded hundreds Monday.
Analysts examine the state of security in Iraq and discuss the
roots of ethnic and political tensions in the oil-rich city of
July 18, 2008
Marks Policy Shifts in Iraq, Iran Nuclear Talks
The Bush administration signaled policy shifts Friday by agreeing
to set a "time horizon" for Iraq troop reductions and sending
a top U.S. envoy to Iranian nuclear talks. Analyst Michael Rubin
and columnist Trudy Rubin examine the moves.
July 18, 2008
Iraq to Set 'Time Horizon' on Troop Withdrawal
President Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki have agreed
to seek "a general time horizon" for reducing U.S. troops in Iraq
as part of a broader security agreement, the White House said
July 15, 2008
Suicide Bombing Kills 28 at Iraqi Army Recruitment Center
Two suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of Iraqi army
recruits in the country's troubled Diyala province Tuesday, killing
at least 28 people according to Iraqi police and military.
July 8, 2008
Policy Switch, Iraqis Push for U.S. Withdrawal Timetable
For the first time this week, Iraqi President Nouri al-Maliki
said that he expects a pending troop deal with the U.S. to include
a timetable for withdrawal. Two Iraq analysts weigh the state
of U.S.-Iraqi relations.
June 30, 2008
Lacked Clear Plan for Postwar Iraq, Army Report Says
The U.S. Army released a report Monday outlining the problems
that kept it from being able to stabilize Iraq after the U.S.-led
invasion in March 2003. Military experts discuss the report's
Report: On Point II: Transition to the New Campaign (Combat
June 30, 2008
Opens Oil Fields to Foreign Firms for Output Boost
The Iraqi government announced Monday it was accepting international
bids for contracts to operate six of its oil fields. An economics
expert discusses the prospect of Western oil companies working
June 24, 2008
Kills 4 Americans, 6 Iraqis in Sadr City
A bomb struck a municipal council building Tuesday in Baghdad,
killing two U.S. soldiers, two U.S. government civilian employees
and at least six Iraqi civilians, U.S. officials said.
June 20, 2008
Centers in Iraq Move from 'Chaos' to Reform
The abuse of detainees at the hands of U.S. Soldiers at Abu Ghraib
prison in Iraq spurred worldwide protests, al-Qaida recruitment
videos and system-wide changes at U.S.-run detention facilities
Show : Inside an Iraqi Detention Site
Report Details Alleged Abuse of Guantanamo Bay, Abu Ghraib Detainees
June 17, 2008
Than 50 Killed in Car Bomb Attack
A car bomb exploded in a crowded market area in a Shiite neighborhood
in Baghdad on Tuesday, killing more than 50 people and wounding
75 others, officials said. It was the deadliest such attack in
the Iraqi capital in months.
June 13, 2008
U.S. Deadlocked Over Long-term Security Deal
Iraq and the United States are negotiating terms for a continued
U.S. presence there once a U.N. mandate expires at the end of
2008, but quarrels over troop levels have led to an impasse. A
reporter outlines the ongoing negotiations, which have become
May 22, 2008
Forces Assert Security Control With Mixed Success
Iraqi forces entered Sadr City in Baghdad this week to help curb
ongoing fighting in the Shiite stronghold. The incursion is part
of a wave of offensives that Gen. David Petraeus said Thursday
were helping to improve overall security. Analysts examine the
state of the Iraq conflict.
May 21, 2008
Vets Recount Concerns Over Rules of Engagement
A panel of Democrats in the House of Representatives heard presentations
last week from a group of veterans who say they witnessed and
participated in widespread misconduct during their time in Iraq.
May 20, 2008
Army Moves Into Sadr Militia Stronghold
About 10,000 Iraqi police and soldiers on Tuesday entered Sadr
City in Baghdad -- formerly the scene of weeks of fighting between
militants loyal to Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr and Iraqi and
U.S. forces -- meeting little resistance.
April 30, 2008
Deaths Hit Seven-Month High in Iraq
The killings of three American soldiers in separate attacks in
Baghdad on Tuesday brought the monthly death toll for U.S. troops
in Iraq to 47, the highest since September, the military reported.
April 29, 2008
Seek Refuge in U.S. After Working With American Forces
Facing the threat of kidnapping, torture, and beheadings, Iraqi
interpreters who have worked for U.S. forces are seeking refuge
for themselves and their families in the United States. Lee Hochberg
of Oregon Public Broadcasting reports on their search for safety.
April 28, 2008
U.S. Soldiers Killed in Baghdad Rocket Attack
Three U.S. soldiers were killed in a Baghdad rocket attack Monday,
following a weekend during which U.S. forces killed 45 Shiite
militia fighters during fierce battles in the Iraqi capital. New
York Times reporter Michael Gordon updates the story from Baghdad.
April 23, 2008
Tapped to Head Mideast Central Command
Defense Secretary Robert Gates nominated Wednesday Gen. David
Petraeus to head the U.S. Central Command, which oversees operations
in Iraq and Afghanistan. Military experts analyze the change in
role and what it means for U.S. military efforts in the region.
April 21, 2008
PM Seeks Neighbors' Diplomatic, Fiscal Help
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki on Monday urged other Arab
countries to reopen their embassies in Baghdad to show support
for his government as it cracks down on Shiite militias in Iraq.
April 18, 2008
Refugees Try to Adjust to New Life
Because of continued fighting and instability, more than 4 million
Iraqis have fled to other parts of Iraq or to other countries
where they feel safer. Some are living in dilapidated refugee
camps or trying to get by in other countries.
April 17, 2008
at Sunni Funeral Kills Dozens in Iraq
A funeral for two anti-al-Qaida Sunni tribesman in a town north
of Baghdad was the target of a suicide bombing Thursday that killed
at least 50 people and wounded many more, according to local police.
April 15, 2008
Car Bombs Kill Dozens in Baqouba, Ramadi
Car bombs and a suicide attacker struck Baghdad and cities to
the north and west of the capital on Tuesday, killing nearly 60
people and shattering a recent lull in violence in predominantly
Sunni areas while fighting rages in the country's south.
April 11, 2008
Al-Sadr Aide's Assassination Threatens Cease-fire
A relative and senior aide of radical Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr
was killed Friday in the holy city of Najaf. The assassination
threatens to raise tensions amid a violent standoff between al-Sadr's
Mahdi Army and the U.S.-backed Iraqi government.
April 10, 2008
Iraq Tours Aim to Ease Strain on Troops
President Bush supported Gen. David Petraeus' call to halt future
troop drawdowns in Iraq in a speech Thursday but also announced
that the Army will return to 12-month deployments to help ease
the burden on troops. Military experts debate the impact on troops.
April 9, 2008
Crocker Offer Subdued Review of Iraq Mission
Gen. David Petraeus and U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker continued
their reports on Iraq before Congress for a second day. Kwame
Holman recaps the hearings.
April 9, 2008
Members Weigh Petraeus, Crocker Hearings on Iraq
Rep. Xavier Becerra, D-Calif., assistant to House Speaker Nancy
Pelosi, and Rep. Adam Putnam, R-Fla., and chairman of the House
Republican Conference, discuss the Iraq hearings.
April 8, 2008
Crocker Deliver Iraq Status Report to Congress
In a long-anticipated progress report on Iraq, Army Gen. David
Petraeus and U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker testified before
two Senate hearings Tuesday, where they warned Congress that security
gains were "fragile."
April 7, 2008
Says Cleric Al-Sadr Willing to Disband Militia
An aide to Muqtada al-Sadr said Monday the Shiite cleric will
consult with top religious leaders and disband his Mahdi Army
if they order it. The militia has been fighting government forces
in several places in Iraq.
April 1, 2008
Iraq's Uneasy Calm, Maliki and Sadr Vie for Influence
Over the weekend, Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr ordered his militia
to stand down after days of battles with Iraqi and U.S. forces
in Basra and parts of Baghdad -- a move some see as a blow to
the authority of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Now, both sides
are calculating what, if anything, was won or lost in the fighting.
March 28, 2008
Forces Launch Airstrikes as Fighting Flares in Basra, Baghdad
U.S. Forces launched airstrikes Friday in Basra, joining Iraqi
forces in an effort to quell Shiite militia fighting in both the
southern port city and in parts of Baghdad. New York Times reporter
James Glanz provides an update on the latest developments from
March 27, 2008
Crackdown on Militants Continues in Basra
Iraqi security forces continued to battle Shiite militants in
the port city of Basra and in the capital Baghdad on Thursday,
as Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki vowed to fight "until the end,"
despite mounting protests against his actions.
March 26, 2008
PM Calls on Militias to Cease Fighting in Basra
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki issued an ultimatum Wednesday
for Shiite militias to lay down their arms against Iraqi security
forces in Basra on the second day of deadly fighting among rival
factions vying for power in the oil-rich city. Experts examine
what the unrest may mean for U.S. military efforts.
March 26, 2008
Years In, Cost of Iraq War Far Exceeds Early Estimates
In a follow-up report to a series on the cost of war, Paul Solman
examines the new estimates for short- and long-term expenditures
related to the ongoing conflict in Iraq -- including military
recruitment, equipment and medical treatment for those injured.
Paul Solman's Past Reports:
Calculate Billions in Long-term Costs of War
Families Paying Price of Iraq War
March 26, 2008
Leader Gives Basra Gunmen Ultimatum
As fighting continued between Iraqi security forces and Shiite
militia fighters in the port city of Basra, Prime Minister Nouri
al-Maliki gave an ultimatum Wednesday for gunmen to lay down their
arms by week's end.
March 25, 2008
Rages for Control of Oil-Hub Basra
Iraqi police and soldiers battled Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi fighters
Tuesday for control of key neighborhoods in Basra, the country's
second-largest city, as the radical Shiite cleric threatened a
countrywide campaign of civil revolt.
March 24, 2008
Iraq War Pushes On, Media Coverage Shifts
As the U.S. military death toll in Iraq hit 4,000 and the war
entered its fifth year, a study by the Pew Research Center found
that the number of news stories about the Iraq war has fallen
dramatically in the past year. Media analysts assess how the press
is covering the conflict and the impact on public awareness of
March 21, 2008
Powers Law Paves Way for Elections
Iraq's long-gestating Provincial Powers Act -- passed by Parliament
last month and approved Wednesday by the country's three-member
presidential council -- sets the stage for Iraqis to hold local
elections by October.
March 19, 2008
Divided Over Mission, Scope, Future in Iraq
Five years into the Iraq war, Americans remain divided over the
invasion, degrees of success and failure, and how to bring the
troops home. The NewsHour's Big Picture election series brought
together a group of citizens to discuss the war's effect on their
lives and America's place in the world.
March 19, 2008
Five years into the Iraq war, thousands of injured U.S. soldiers
are travelling a long road to recovery. The Online NewsHour talked
to wounded veterans about their time in the military and in Iraq:
Slide Show: Spc. William Haywood
Slide Show: Cpl. Jeffrey Reffner
Slide Show: Sgt. Andrew Hillstrom
Interview: Spc. Luke Markham
March 11, 2008
Violence Peaks and Dips, Debate Over 'Surge' Persists
President Bush said Tuesday he believes last year's surge of 30,000
U.S. troops to Iraq -- which has been attributed with helping
reduce the violence in some parts of Baghdad -- is working. Military
policy experts debate the effectiveness of the surge strategy.
March 10, 2008
Bomber Kills 5 U.S. Soldiers in Baghdad
A suicide bomber killed five American soldiers on a foot patrol
Monday in central Baghdad, the U.S. military said. It was the
deadliest attack on U.S. forces in Iraq since Jan. 28, when five
soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in Mosul.
Feb. 29, 2008
Withdraws from Iraq; 'Chemical Ali' Execution OK'd
Turkey pulled its troops out of northern Iraq on Friday, ending
a major offensive against Kurdish PKK rebels that began more than
a week ago.
Feb. 22, 2008
Iraq, Al-Sadr Extends Cease-fire Order
Anti-U.S. cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced Friday that he has
extended a cease-fire order to his Shiite militia in Iraq for
another six months, allowing the country more time to recover
from brutal sectarian violence.
Feb. 12, 2008
Secretary Backs 'Pause' in Iraq Troop Withdrawal
Defense Secretary Robert Gates said Monday that he supports a
brief pause in U.S. troop reductions once the initial pullout
of five combat brigades is completed in July.
Feb. 12, 2008
Communities in Iraq May Spell Trouble
As Iraqis who fled their homes during the war begin to return,
some are finding it safer to move into areas inhabited by other
members of their sect, creating segregated communities of Shia
and Sunni Muslims at ever-increasing rates.
Feb. 1, 2008
at Baghdad Markets Deadliest Attacks in Months
Two bombings killed at least 73 people and wounded scores more
in separate blasts in Baghdad pet bazaars Friday, ending a relative
lull in violence in the Iraqi capital. Stephen Farrell, a New
York Times correspondent in Baghdad, provides an update on the
Jan. 30, 2008
Looks to Revive Agriculture Sector
Iraq's winter rains have yet to arrive and the country's Northern
provinces are suffering from a drought, Iraq's agriculture minister
announced in January. The drought adds to the burden of farmers
already dealing with poor soil, a lack of power and equipment,
and other difficulties.
Jan. 25, 2008
in Violence in Iraq Opens Door to Local-level Talks
A subtle turning point occurred in Iraq in the fall of 2007 when
security improved and violence abated to a point where grassroots
reconciliation and community rebuilding efforts could take root.
Jan. 15, 2008
Praises Newly Passed Iraqi Reconciliation Law
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made a surprise visit to Iraq
Tuesday, where she applauded Iraqi officials for passing a law
to allow thousands of former members of Saddam Hussein's Baath
Party back into the government. Middle East analysts examine the
political situation in Iraq.
Jan. 11, 2008
Progress in Iraq Amid New Offensives, Possible Anbar Handover
As President Bush visited Kuwait Friday, U.S. commanders claimed
success in newly launched offensives in Iraq against al-Qaida
targets. The news comes as the United States aims to transfer
control of the once-restive Anbar province to Iraqis. Analysts
look at the developments.
Jan. 2, 2008
Investigation into '05 Haditha Killings Raises Questions
The Marine Corps announced this week that two Marines would be
court-martialed for their involvement in a 2005 incident in Haditha,
Iraq, that saw 24 Iraqi civilians killed. A retired Army lawyer
and a former Iraqi U.N. representative examine the probe of the