11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States brought intense
scrutiny to the nation's intelligence network and prompted a wave
of changes to the system aimed at improving intelligence sharing
among the more than a dozen agencies involved in national security
of interviews and research into the events surrounding 9/11, an
independent panel issued a report making recommendations on how
to reform the nation's intelligence community.
to the report, President Bush in August 2004 announced his support
for creating a new post -- national intelligence director -- and
establishing a national counterterrorism center to better coordinate
the 15 intelligence agencies. Congress followed through in late
2004 with legislation codifying the changes, and the president
signed them into law.
national intelligence chief
Negroponte, former U.S. ambassador to Iraq, became national intelligence
director in April 2005.
the position his "most challenging assignment" in more
than 40 years of government service, including ambassadorships
in Honduras, Mexico and the Philippines, the Associated Press
In his new
post, Negroponte heads the intelligence community and serves as
president's principal intelligence adviser, giving him daily briefings
which requires Senate confirmation, is intended to allow the director
of the Central Intelligence Agency -- currently Porter Goss, former
undercover operative and Florida congressman -- to focus on foreign
intelligence collection and analysis.
Negroponte is responsible for coordinating the activities of the
CIA, Defense Department intelligence agencies, the FBI and other
National Counterterrorism Center, the national intelligence director
is tasked with merging foreign and domestic intelligence related
to terrorism. The hope is that this effort will allow one group
to better "connect the dots" of disparate pieces of
Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) is responsible for analyzing and
integrating foreign and domestic intelligence on terrorism collected
by U.S. intelligence agencies.
capabilities of the Terrorist Threat Integration Center, which
was created in early 2003 soon after the Department of Homeland
Security, are to be integrated into the NCTC, according to the
On June 10,
President Bush nominated retired Navy Vice Adm. John Scott Redd
to lead the center. He must still be confirmed by the Senate.
36 years in the U.S. Navy, commanding everything from a single
destroyer to an entire fleet, and has held top posts at the Pentagon.
Since retiring in 1998, he served as CEO of a high-tech education
company and deputy administrator and chief operating officer of
the now-defunct Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq, reported
someone who understands the nature of the enemy that we face in
the war on terrorism," said White House spokesman Scott McClellan.
Redd will report to the national intelligence director.
The NCTC is
responsible for coordinating the government's plans to counter
terrorist threats against the United States and to monitor those
is to ensure analysis of domestic and foreign intelligence in
one place, but the separate intelligence agencies are to retain
their unique operational missions.
Report: Congress passes intelligence reforms. (12.8.04)
intelligence report recommendations
are on the way due to a bipartisan report on pre-Iraq war intelligence
and weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
In early 2004,
President Bush appointed Republican Judge Laurence Silberman and
former Democratic Sen. Charles Robb to head a commission charged
with investigating prewar intelligence. The commission produced
a 600-page report sharply critical of the U.S. Intelligence community
for intelligence failures before and after the beginning of the
Iraq war in March 2003. The report said prewar intelligence was
to the report, Homeland security adviser Fran Townsend said on
June 29, 2005 that the Bush administration accepted 70 of the
commission's 74 recommendations.
the administration plans to implement include the establishment
of a national counter proliferation center for tracking WMD, the
appointment of an assistant attorney general for national security
at the Department of Justice, the creation of a new national security
service within the FBI, and the placement of all foreign human
intelligence activities under the control of the CIA.
Some of the
changes, including the establishment of a new assistant attorney
general, require congressional approval.
White House Orders Intelligence Changes Based on WMD Report (6.29.05)