Dec. 28, 2004
Foreign Policy Dominated U.S. Political Agenda in 2004
Foreign policy was at the forefront of President Bush's agenda in 2004. Two foreign policy experts analyze U.S. foreign relations in the Middle East, Europe and the rest of the world.
Dec. 22, 2004
Peace Talks Over Darfur Crisis Falter
The latest round of peace talks between the Sudanese government and Darfur rebels were suspended until January due to ceasefire violations, African Union mediators said this week.
Dec. 7, 2004
Panel Makes Recommendations to Remake the United Nations
Margaret Warner speaks with retired General Brent Scowcroft, National Security Advisor to the first President Bush, who served on the U.N. panel that recently released its report on how to remake the world body.
Dec. 3, 2004
Danforth Resigns After Airing Complaints About U.N.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations John Danforth announced his resignation Thursday, less than six months after President Bush named him to the position.
Nov. 19, 2004
Sudan, Rebel Leaders Commit to Peace At U.N. Meeting
The government of Sudan and rebel leaders pledged again Friday to end a 21-year civil war, this time making the commitment before the U.N. Security Council holding a special meeting in Africa.
Nov. 12, 2004
Zimbabwe Court Upholds Land Seizure Law
Zimbabwe's Supreme Court ruled for the third time Friday to uphold a land law that allows the government to seize farms owned by white farmers.
Nov. 9, 2004
U.N. to Address Continued Violence in Sudan
Gwen Ifill talks with John Danforth, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, about the latest efforts to end the violence in the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan and the planned U.N. meeting to address a nationwide peace for the African nation.
Nov. 9, 2004
Sudan, Darfur Rebels Sign 'Landmark' Peace Deal
The Sudanese government and Darfur rebel groups signed new security and humanitarian accords Tuesday aimed at ending violence in the troubled region and guaranteeing aid groups access to 1.6 million refugees displaced by the conflict.
Nov. 9, 2004
Standoff in Ivory Coast Leaves 50 Dead, Official Says
An upsurge in violence in the West African nation of Ivory Coast has left 50 civilians dead, an Ivorian minister told Reuters on Tuesday.
Nov. 2, 2004
Sudanese Forces Surround Refugee Camps, Deny Aid Agencies Access
The Sudanese army and police on Tuesday surrounded several refugee camps in the war-torn region of Darfur, blocking access to humanitarian groups, United Nations officials said.
Oct. 20, 2004
Crisis in Sudan
International relief organizations are struggling to deal with a refugee crisis that has already killed 70,000 people in the Darfur region of Sudan. Margaret Warner discusses the humanitarian crisis in Darfur with two experts on African affairs.
Oct. 15, 2004
Death Toll in Sudan's Darfur Conflict Climbs to 70,000
The number of dead resulting from the crisis in Sudan's western Darfur region since March has topped 70,000, the United Nation's chief health official said Friday.
Oct. 8, 2004
Nobel Peace Prize Goes to African Environmentalist
The culmination of a week-long flurry of Nobel prize awards was Friday's announcement of Professor Wangari Maathai, an environmental activist from Kenya, as the Nobel Peace Prize winner.
Oct. 8, 2004
Officials Investigate Bombings At Egyptian Resorts
Officials are investigating three successive bombings that killed at least 27 people at the Israeli-packed seaside resorts in Taba, Egypt Thursday.
Oct. 7, 2004
Explosions Rock Egypt-Israeli Border
Three explosions described by witnesses as car bombs shook popular resorts on Egypt's Sinai Peninsula on Thursday night, killing at least 30 people and wounding more than 100.
Sept. 20, 2004
Fighting Continues in Darfur As U.N. Threatens Sanctions
Clashes between the Sudanese army and rebel forces in the western Darfur region continued Monday, despite a new U.N. resolution threatening oil sanctions if the Sudanese government does not stop the mass violence in the region.
Sept. 15, 2004
U.S. Urges Action to Stop the Violence in Sudan
The Bush administration called the campaign of mass murder in Sudan genocide for the first time. The White House also announced its support for a U.N. Security Council resolution seeking new sanctions against Sudan and its oil exports if the government does not do more to end the ethnic violence in its Darfur region.
Sept. 15, 2004
Peace Talks Collapse in Darfur
One of the two rebel groups in Sudan's Darfur region reported Wednesday that peace negotiations with the government had collapsed.
Sept. 10, 2004
Senegalese Singer Youssou N'Dour Speaks About His Music and His Message
Senegalese singer and songwriter Youssou N'Dour tries to create a more positive image of Islamic culture in Africa with his music. Jeffrey Brown speaks with N'Dour about his music and his message.
Sept. 9, 2004
Colin Powell Calls the Murder of Black Africans in Sudan Genocide
Secretary of State Colin Powell used the term genocide for the first time today to describe the murder of tens of thousands of African Sudanese in the Darfur region of western Sudan. Terence Smith looks at the evolving U.S. response to the humanitarian and refugee crisis in Sudan and Chad.
Sept. 9, 2004
Powell Declares Killing in Darfur 'Genocide'
Secretary of State Colin Powell on Thursday declared the situation in the Darfur region of Sudan "genocide," calling the killing of black Africans in the Arab-led nation, "a coordinated effort, not just random violence."
Sept. 1, 2004
Two Senators Debate U.S. Foreign Policy in Israel, Sudan and Russia
International conflicts in Sudan, Chechnya and Israel continued to flare up this week as the GOP held their national convention in New York. Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan., and Sen. Chris Dodd, D-Conn., debate President Bush's foreign policy and how problems in these regions could affect the presidential campaign.
Aug. 26, 2004
Sudan's Sanctions Deadline Draws Near as Darfur Crisis Continues
Arab militias have killed tens of thousands of Sudanese over the past several months in the Darfur region of the country. Correspondent Bill Neely of Independent Television News reports. Ray Suarez discusses the humanitarian crisis with Harvard University lecturer Samantha Power, who recently visited the region.
Aug. 23, 2004
Sudan Rejects Peacekeepers During Darfur Talks
A Sudanese official attending peace talks with opposition rebel leaders in Abuja Monday rejected a proposal by members of the African Union to deploy troops to the Darfur region of Sudan to help protect civilians and disarm rebels.
Aug. 19, 2004
Jonathan Miller on his Recent Visit to Darfur
Arab militias called the Janjaweed have attacked villages in the Darfur region of western Sudan, killing an estimated 50,000 people and forcing over 1.2 million others to flee to refugee camps. Jonathan Miller of Independent Television News reports on his recent visit to Darfur.
Aug. 12, 2004
Humanitarian Crisis in Darfur, Sudan
Ethnic Arab militias have killed tens of thousands of black African Sudanese in the Darfur region of the country. Penny Marshall of Independent Television News reports from a refugee camp in Chad. Ray Suarez follows up with Dr. Rowan Gillies, international president of Doctors Without Borders.
Aug. 6, 2004
Humanitarian Aid Crisis Worsens in Sudan's Darfur Region
As the United Nations tries to negotiate a political peace with the Sudanese government to end violence in the Darfur region of Sudan, international relief agencies are battling to contain an already critical humanitarian emergency.
Aug. 4, 2004
Humanitarian Crisis in Darfur Region of Sudan
A coalition of religious organizations, relief groups, and members of Congress are placing pressure on the U.S. government to intervene in the humanitarian crisis in the Darfur region of Sudan. After a report, a member of Congress and State Department official discuss what role the U.S. government should play in the crisis.
July 30, 2004
U.N. Sets Deadline for Sudan to Curb Violence
The United Nations adopted a watered-down U.S.-drafted resolution on Friday demanding Sudan disarm and prosecute Arab militias or face economic and diplomatic actions.
July 23, 2004
Congress Passes Resolution Declaring 'Genocide' in Sudan
The U.S. Congress on Thursday approved a resolution calling the conflict in which Arab militias in the Darfur region of Sudan have been accused of mass rape, murder and other atrocities against black Africans, genocide.
July 20, 2004
Crisis in Sudan
International aid agencies have tried to contain a growing refugee crisis in Sudan that threatens the lives of more than a million people. Following a background report, Relief experts discuss their efforts to control the growing humanitarian emergency in Sudan where some 10,000 people have died and one million are displaced.
July 19, 2004
The Global Fight Against AIDS
Last week some 15,000 doctors, activists and policy experts met in Bangkok, Thailand to take stock of current efforts to fight AIDS and assess how to best meet the growing need for treatment and prevention programs. Jeffrey Brown speaks with three leading AIDS experts about current efforts to battle the disease.
July 12, 2004
Botswana Battles AIDS with Testing Program
Developing nations are closely monitoring efforts in Botswana, the first African country to both routinely offer confidential HIV testing and provide AIDS drugs to all who need them.
July 12, 2004
Strategies for Preventing Hiv Debated At AIDS Conference
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's statement that condoms are an "improvisation, not a solution" in the fight against AIDS sparked debate Monday at the global AIDS conference in Bangkok.
July 6, 2004
Lawmakers Decry Crisis in Sudan
Several U.S. lawmakers who traveled to the Darfur region of Sudan with Secretary of State Colin Powell last week called on the government of Sudan to do more to end the "ethnic cleansing" which has killed at least 10,000. Ray Suarez discusses the crisis with Abdel Bagi Kabeir and Rep. Frank Wolf who recently visited Darfur.
June 29, 2004
U.S. Warns 1 Million May Die in Darfur Without Immediate Aid
Secretary of State Colin Powell arrived in Sudan Tuesday, hoping to pressure the Khartoum government to assist the delivery of aid to the war-torn Darfur region where U.S. officials worry 1 million people may die this year.
June 24, 2004
Crisis in Sudan
As many as 10,000 people have died and more than a million more have been driven from their homes in the Darfur region of western Sudan in a growing humanitarian crisis. Following a background report, Ray Suarez speaks with regional experts about efforts to halt the crisis.
June 8, 2004
Zimbabwe Moves to Nationalize All Farmland
The government of Zimbabwe has announced a plan to nationalize all of the country's farmland, unveiling a new phase in its controversial land reform program.
May 18, 2004
U.S. Moves to Improve Access to Generic AIDS Drugs Overseas
The Bush administration has moved to expedite the approval process for generic anti-AIDS drugs so they can be bought at lower prices and provided more efficiently and safely to millions of infected people in Africa and the Caribbean. U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator Randall Tobias outlines the plan.
May 14, 2004
Hundreds of Christians Killed in Ongoing Religious Violence in Nigeria
Thousands of hungry, scared Nigerian Christians in the northern city of Kano sought safety in police stations and military barracks Friday after two weeks of religious fighting across the African nation left hundreds dead.
May 13, 2004
Refugee Crisis in Sudan
Refugees from the Darfur region of western Sudan have fled across the border into Chad to escape alleged ethnic cleansing in their war-torn country. Correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro looks at the dismal daily life in these refugee camps and the aide workers who have come to help improve conditions.
May 4, 2004
Renewed Violence Kills Scores in Central Nigeria
Militant members of a predominantly Christian tribe attacked a central Nigerian town dominated by a rival Muslim ethnic group, destroying homes and mosques and killing at least 80 people, Nigerian police told news agencies Tuesday.
April 23, 2004
U.S. Eases Economic Embargo on Libya
President Bush cleared the way for U.S. companies to do business with Libya by easing Reagan-era economic sanctions Friday after the North African nation gave up its weapons of mass destruction programs last year.
April 16, 2004
Despite Victory, ANC Criticized Over Failure to Meet Land Pledge
As South African President Thabo Mbeki and his party, the African National Congress, celebrated a victory in the country's election, members of the Landless People's Movement remained uneasy about the country's ongoing land redistribution dispute.
April 14, 2004
South Africans Go to Polls; Land Redistribution Key Issue
Some 20 million South African voters went to the polls Wednesday for the country's third parliamentary election since the end of the brutal white-dominated apartheid rule in 1994.
April 9, 2004
Remembering the Past
Two people who have survived periods of horrific genocide have teamed up to speak about their experiences in the Holocaust and Rwanda, with the hope of preventing such acts from happening again. Jeffrey Brown speaks to David Gewirtzman and Jacqueline Murekatete about their experiences and how they met.
April 6, 2004
Rwanda Ten Years Later
As many as 800,000 people died when Rwanda fell into fighting and genocide ten years ago this week. Independent Television News correspondent Lindsey Hilsum reported from Rwanda for The NewsHour at that time, and he returned to Rwanda this month to look what has changed in the decade since the war.
April 6, 2004
U.N., Other Groups Agree to Expand Access to Generic Aids Drugs
The United Nations and other organizations said Tuesday they will use their resources to help people in poor countries get AIDS drugs through agreements with generic drug manufacturers.
March 29, 2004
Local Nigerian Elections Marred by Violence
Nigeria's ruling party swept to a predictable victory in weekend local elections amid claims of fraud and a wave of political violence that could endanger the country's fragile five-year-old democracy.
Jan. 8, 2004
Fred de Sam Lazaro reports on the politics and practice of family planning in the southern African nation of Zambia.