August 20, 1935 (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
Carolyn "Carol" Paul
U.S. Representative from Texas, 1996-Present
U.S. Representative from Texas, 1979-1985
U.S. Representative from Texas, 1976-1977
Having run for president twice before, the 75-year-old Paul is hoping the third time is the charm. The 12-term congressman was the Libertarian Party's nominee in 1988 and a candidate for the Republican nomination in 2008.
Paul is a vocal critic of U.S. foreign and monetary policy with a small but loyal group of followers who can be just as outspoken in their support of him. While his rhetoric on fiscal issues closely matches that of the Tea Party movement, his desire to scale back U.S. military operations around the world makes him an outlier in the Republican field.
The Texan also has demonstrated a strong fundraising prowess, hauling in more than $34 million for his 2008 bid.
The question for Paul this time is whether he is able to do more than raise money and issues, while adding a little excitement to some of the GOP debates.
Paul says the country has changed significantly since the last election, with "literally millions of more people now concerned about things" he campaigned on in 2008. It will take more than the backing of those voters to help Paul avoid a similar fate to his two previous runs.