As HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths around the world fall, rates in Uganda have been on the rise in recent years. Part of the problem, according to many of the world’s top public health experts, is that the populations most at risk for HIV infection — including gay men and sex workers — face laws that do little but increase stigma, drive these groups underground and make them reluctant to seek life-saving diagnosis and treatment. Among the most problematic laws, they say, are the the U.S. “anti-prostitution pledge” and Uganda’s Anti-Homosexuality Act. Continue reading
While the United Nations has reported optimistic news about controlling the global epidemic of HIV and AIDS, Uganda’s infection rates are growing. Public health officials say the trend is partially tied to stigma faced by at-risk groups like gay men and sex workers. Jeffrey Brown reports on how discrimination and marginalization can be a major roadblock for effective treatment and prevention. Continue reading
Malindi, Kenya: A vacation destination with something for everyone. Sitting on the crystal coast of east Africa, the resort town offers glass-bottomed boat cruises, authentic Italian pasta, sex-for-hire and dirt-cheap heroin. Continue reading
AIDS researchers announced a setback in the long search for a cure. Doctors believed that they had cured a baby girl by using aggressive and early treatment. But after years without requiring therapy, she tested positive for HIV during a follow-up visit. Jeffrey Brown talks to Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, who has been involved with the case. Continue reading
Federal law seeks to keep sexual assault victims from paying for forensic exams, but in some states they may have to cover tests and treatment for pregnancy or sexually transmitted infections. Continue reading
News of three promising approaches raised hope at an AIDS conference this week: the prevention of HIV infections in monkeys through intravenous injections; the second successful treatment of a baby born with HIV; and a study showing the safety of genetically altering cells to prevent infection. Jeffrey Brown turns to Dr. Anthony Fauci of the National Institutes of Health to walk through the developments. Continue reading
It’s been an interesting week in the field of AIDS research.
There’s been talk about potentially giving people quarterly shots or injections instead of daily pills, gene therapy to fight off HIV, and an infected baby that was treated so aggressively with AIDS drugs within hours of its birth that HIV can no longer be detected. Scientists in Boston have been meeting at an annual conference and have been discussing these early, but important new findings. Continue reading