Just this week, the top U.S. commander in the region, Gen. Stanley McChrystal, warned the war could be lost without more American troops in a confidential assessment leaked to news organizations.
So what is known about the Taliban's strategy in Afghanistan? What is the Taliban's game plan?
For insight, NewsHour deputy foreign affairs producer Daniel Sagalyn talked to Gilles Dorronsoro of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He travels frequently to Afghanistan and recently authored the report "The Taliban's Winning Strategy in Afghanistan."
Listen to their full conversation here:
-- Interview by Daniel Sagalyn of the NewsHour