Manic and increasingly desperate dealmaking gripped Wall
Street amid more signs of distress in the global financial industry.
Morgan Stanley was discussing a merger with regional banking
powerhouse Wachovia while Washington Mutual , the country's largest savings
bank, put itself up for sale, the New York Times reported.
The flurry of takeover talks followed the surprise rescue of
AIG by the U.S. Federal Reserve that did little to calm investors' nerves.
The U.S. stock market plunged 4.7 percent to a three-year
low, the dollar slumped and safe-haven U.S. Treasury bonds soared.
Concerns over AIG's stability, and the potential far-reaching
impact of its collapse, intensified this week after the bankruptcy of financial
behemoth Lehman Brothers on Monday and the sale of Wall Street stalwart Merrill
Lynch to Bank of America.
The reasons for AIG's tumble echoed those of other
companies: heavy investment in the subprime mortgage industry, soured real
estate investments and the U.S. credit crunch.
The government's decision to rescue AIG was similar to its
seizure on Sept. 7 of mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, where the
Treasury Department said it was prepared to put up as much as $100 billion over
time to keep the companies from failing.
The Fed's decision marks another dramatic change of course
in how it decides to parcel out government bailouts -- earlier this week
officials refused to rescue the struggling Lehman, the country's fourth-largest
investment bank, saying taxpayer funds could not be used in all cases to repel
the Wall Street crisis.
Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Fed Chairman Ben
Bernanke held a late-night briefing Tuesday on Capitol Hill to explain to
congressional leaders the reasons for the AIG bailout, according to media
"Thank God," Daniel Fuss, a bond manager with
Loomis, Sayles & Co in Boston told Reuters of the Fed's intervention.
"AIG is interwoven with so many people and touches many companies around
the world. This is a huge relief to many parts of the financial markets."
Under the AIG deal, the Federal Reserve will provide a
two-year $85 billion emergency loan to AIG. In return, the government will get
a 79.9 percent stake in AIG and the right to remove senior management, the
Associated Press reported
In a statement the Fed said it has determined that the
failure of AIG could hurt the already fragile financial markets and the
It also could "lead to substantially higher borrowing
costs, reduced household wealth and materially weaker economic
performance," the Fed said in a statement, according to the AP.
"This loan will facilitate a process under which AIG
will sell certain of its businesses in an orderly manner, with the least
possible disruption to the overall economy," the Fed said.
AIG's chief executive, Robert Willumstad, is expected to be
replaced by Edward Liddy, the former head of insurer Allstate Corp., according
to a report in The Wall Street Journal. Willumstad has been the head of AIG
AIG's bailout brings to about $900 billion the total of U.S.
rescue efforts to stabilize the financial system and housing market in recent
months. Authorities may get much of that sum back provided asset prices don't
continue to slide, according to an AP analysis.
"It would have been a chain reaction," Uwe
Reinhardt, a professor of economics at Princeton University told the New York
Times of the consequences of an AIG failure. "The spillover effects could
have been incredible."