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9.13.02
Politics and Economy:
Civil Liberties After 9/11
More on This Story:
Panel Biographies

NOW will present a round-table discussion of the delicate relationship between civil liberties and national security on September 13. Biographies of participants are below.

Nancy ChangChristopher EdleyFrank Gaffney, Jr.David KeeneAnthony RomeroVictoria Toensing

  • On the legal side, he overlooked Supreme Court cases holding that the United States Constitution is neither a suicide pact nor a Freedom of Information Act. On the practical side, if the Justice Department cannot continue its longstanding (almost 40 years) discretionary authority to close these proceedings, our government's knowledge of who is in custody, evidence linking them to terrorism, and the methods of operation and sources who turned them in, will be handed on a silver platter to those who want to kill us. --Victoria Toensing, Partner, diGenova and Toensing

  • Our main concern is that there is a growing momentum focusing on a specific community, regarding them as suspicious merely because of where they are from. The government should focus on what they have done, not where they were born. You add this to the “voluntary” questioning of 5,000 men and the detention of immigrants and you find a broader effort that portrays a particular community or group as hostile or contrary to national security. That just fuels the fires of xenophobia against Middle Eastern, Arab and Muslim communities. --Anthony Romero, Executive Director, American Civil Liberties Union

    Nancy Chang
    Nancy Chang

    Nancy Chang is the Senior Litigation Attorney at the Center for Constitutional Rights, a legal and educational organization in New York City that is dedicated to protecting and advancing the rights guaranteed in the United States Constitution and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Her litigation at the Center has focused primarily on four areas: protecting the First Amendment rights of political activists against government efforts to silence dissent, safeguarding civil liberties from measures taken in the name of national security, combating racial profiling, and protecting the constitutional rights of immigrants.

    Nancy regularly provides legal counsel on First Amendment issues to the Mass Defense Committee of the National Lawyers Guild's New York City Chapter. She serves on the Board of the National Coalition to Protect Political Freedom and as a member of the coalition's Legal Committee. She also serves on the Executive Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. She is the author of a book entitled SILENCING POLITICAL DISSENT: HOW POST-SEPTEMBER 11 ANTITERRORISM MEASURES THREATEN OUR CIVIL LIBERTIES

  • Read Nancy Chang's "The USA PATRIOT Act: What's So Patriotic About Trampling on the Bill of Rights?"


  • Christopher Edley
    Christopher Edley

    Professor Christopher Edley, Jr. has taught at Harvard Law School since 1981. He is founding co-director of The Civil Rights Project. Chief among his current other activities; he is serving a six-year term as a member of the bipartisan U.S. Civil Rights Commission. He is also a member of the Task Force on the Future of the Common School, a Century Foundation effort focused on racial and economic segregation of public schools; and he is a member of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform, a blue-ribbon private study led by Presidents Jimmy Carter and Gerald Ford.

    Professor Edley's book, NOT ALL BLACK & WHITE: AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, RACE AND American VALUES, grew out of his work as special counsel to President Clinton and director of the White House Review of Affirmative Action. He is also the author of a treatise, ADMINISTRATIVE LAW: RETHINKING JUDICIAL CONTROL OF BUREAUCRACY.

    Following graduate school, he began his career serving in the Carter Administration as Assistant Director of the White House Domestic Policy Staff, with responsibility for welfare reform, social security and other antipoverty measures. He joined the Harvard Law School faculty in 1981, and later served in the Dukakis presidential campaign as National Issues Director. Professor Edley re-entered the political arena in 1992 as a Senior Advisor on Economic Policy for the Clinton-Gore Presidential Transition. He then served for two years in the Clinton Administration as a senior budget and policy official, where he oversaw issues in a broad portfolio of five cabinet departments and over 40 autonomous agencies.

    Professor Edley is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations; a member of the National Academy of Public Administration; a member of the board of the National Immigration Forum; a member of the Board on Testing and Assessment of the National Research Council, which is the research arm of the National Academy of Sciences; and a founding member of the advisory board for The Madison Society - the recently formed progressive counterpoint to The Federalist Society. He also serves on the executive committee of the board of People for the American Way, and has been a leader in that organization's growing work on issues of central importance to communities of color.

  • Read Christopher Edley's contributions to a roundtable on race in THE ATLANTIC.


  • Frank Gaffney
    Frank Gaffney, Jr.

    Frank Gaffney is the founder and president of the Center for Security Policy in Washington, D.C. The Center is a not-for-profit, non-partisan educational corporation established in 1988.

    Mr. Gaffney is as a columnist for the WASHINGTON TIMES and as a monthly contributor to DEFENSE NEWS and INVESTOR'S BUSINESS DAILY. He is a contributing editor to NATIONAL REVIEW Online and a columnist for American SPECTATOR Online, WorldNetDaily.com and JewishWorldReview.com. He is a featured weekly contributor to Hugh Hewitt's nationally syndicated radio program and appears frequently on national and international television and radio programs. In addition, his op-ed articles have appeared, among other places, in THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, USA TODAY, THE NEW REPUBLIC,THE WASHINGTON POST, THE NEW YORK TIMES, THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, THE LOS ANGELES TIMES, and NEWSDAY.

    In April 1987, Mr. Gaffney was nominated by President Reagan to become the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, the senior position in the Defense Department with responsibility for policies involving nuclear forces, arms control and U.S.-European defense relations. He acted in that capacity for seven months during which time, he was the Chairman of the prestigious High Level Group, NATO's senior politico-military committee. He also represented the Secretary of Defense in key U.S.-Soviet negotiations and ministerial meetings.

    From August 1983 until November 1987, Mr. Gaffney was the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear Forces and Arms Control Policy under Assistant Secretary Richard Perle. From February 1981 to August 1983, Mr. Gaffney was a Professional Staff Member on the Senate Armed Services Committee, chaired by Senator John Tower (R-Texas). In the latter 1970's, Mr. Gaffney served as an aide to the late Senator Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson (D-Washington) in the areas of defense and foreign policy.

  • Read Frank Gaffney's articles in the NATIONAL REVIEW Online


  • David Keene
    David Keene

    David A. Keene is Chairman of the American Conservative Union, the Nation’s oldest and largest grassroots conservative organization. He also serves as a lobbyist with The Carmen Group, a governmental affairs and legislative relations firm based in Washington, DC.

    Mr. Keene is a graduate of the University of Wisconsin Law School. He has been a John F. Kennedy Fellow at Harvard University and is a former member of the Board of Visitors of the School of Public Policy at Duke University. He was a visiting professional scholar at the Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University.

    Mr. Keene has been involved in presidential politics since 1968. He worked in the White House during the Nixon Administration as political assistant to Vice President Spiro Agnew and on Capitol Hill as Executive Assistant to Senator James L. Buckley. Mr Keene was Southern Regional Coordinator for Ronald Reagan in 1976 and National Political Director for George Bush in 1980. Additionally, Mr. Keene was a senior political consultant to Republican presidential candidate Robert Dole in 1988 and was an informal advisor during the 1996 campaign.

    He currently writes a regular column for THE HILL, a newspaper covering Congress.

  • Read David Keene's commentaries from the American Conservative Union


  • Anthony Romero
    Anthony Romero

    Anthony D. Romero is the sixth executive director of the 81-year-old American Civil Liberties Union. He became the first Latino and first openly gay man to take the helm of the nation's preeminent civil liberties organization when he started his new position in September 2001.

    Born in New York City of immigrant parents from Puerto Rico, Romero was the first in his family to graduate from high school and college and to receive a graduate education.

    Romero served as the Director of Human Rights and International Cooperation at the Ford Foundation, where he led the program through a period of extraordinary growth, transforming it into Ford's largest and most dynamic grant making unit. In 2000, Romero channeled approximately $90 million in grants to address issues related to civil rights, human rights and peace.

    Before being appointed a Director at Ford, Romero served for nearly five years as the Foundation's Program Officer for Civil Rights and Racial Justice. He also worked for two years at the Rockefeller Foundation and led a Foundation review of future directions in civil rights advocacy. He is a graduate of Stanford University Law School and Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public Policy and International Affairs. Romero received Stanford's Dinkelspiel Scholarship for Public Interest, was a Cane Scholar at Princeton and was a National Hispanic Scholar at both institutions.

    Romero sits on several not-for-profit boards, including serving as the Chairman of the Center of Disability and Advocacy Rights, and as Vice Chairman of the New World Foundation's Board of Directors. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New York State Bar Association and Hispanics in Philanthropy. His previous volunteer experiences include serving as Vice Chairman of the White House Internship Advisory Committee and as Co-Chairman of the Funders' Committee for Citizen Participation.

  • Read a NEWSWEEK interview with Anthony Romero about the detaining of Arabs after September 11


  • Victoria Toensing
    Victoria Toensing

    Ms. Victoria Toensing is a founding partner of the Washington law firm diGenova and Toensing. There she applies her extensive experience with the three branches of government solving problems for individuals, corporations, trade associations and other organizations. She is also an internationally known expert on the law as applied to white collar crime, terrorism, national security, and intelligence matters.

    From 1984-1988 she served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General of the Criminal Division at the U.S.Department of Justice. As s a federal prosecutor, she established the Justice Department's Terrorism Unit. She also managed the government's legal efforts in the terrorist hijacking of TWA flight 847, the bombing of Pan Am flight 103, and the takeover of the cruise ship Achille Lauro.

    During her tenure ate the Justice Department, Ms. Toensing also supervised S&L fraud cases, prosecuted nuclear industry regulation cases, securities fraud, and fraud and bribery in the banking industry.

    Prior to her work with the Justice Department she was Chief Counsel for Senator Barry Goldwater where she was instrumental in passage of the protection of intelligence agents identities and protecting classified information from the Freedom of Information Act.

  • Read Victoria Toensing's "Shut the Doors Terrorism-related alien-removal hearings should not be public"


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