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Quiz
World Health
Virtually every major advance in public health has involved the reduction or the elimination of risk. But the importance of public education is also a valuable tool in making the world a safer place. How much do you know about the diseases that threaten the global community?

Globally, the ten leading risk factors account for how many childhood deaths a year in developing countries?
over 100,000

over 300,000

over 1,000,000

over 3,000,000


Many countries in Africa had a rate of 0.03 or fewer physicians per 1,000 people between 1990 and 1998. Which country had the highest ratio of physicians per thousand?
Italy

Cuba

Spain

Israel


What percentage of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) did the United States allot to health expenditure in the year 2000?
1%

5%

13%

25%


Life expectancy at birth in sub-Saharan Africa is currently estimated at 47 years; without AIDS it is estimated that it would be around how many years?
47 years

52 years

57 years

62 years


How many deaths a year are attributed to unsafe water, sanitation, and hygiene?
170,000

17 million

1.7 million

7 million


Which of the following diseases was the cause of the early deaths of Henry David Thoreau (at age 45), Frédéric Chopin (at age 39), and Robert Louis Stevenson (at age 34)?
malaria

pneumonia

cholera

tuberculosis


Which vaccine-preventable disease invades the nervous system and can cause paralysis in a matter of hours?
hepatitis B

polio

yellow fever

diphtheria


Which vaccine-preventable disease may be acquired through the bite of an infected mosquito?
hepatitis B

polio

yellow fever

diphtheria

Sources: The United States Agency for International Development; The Global Alliance for Vaccines & Immunization; The World Health Report 2002; Tuberculosis: Romance to Reality to Resurgence.



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