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Myths of the American West
Test your knowledge of the history of the American West

What is the oldest continuously occupied dwelling in the United States?
The Gonzalez-Alvarez House, St. Augustine, Florida

Taos Pueblo, New Mexico

Elfreth's Alley, Philadelphia, Pennnsylvania

House of the Seven Gables, Salem, Massachusetts

What was the Teapot Dome?
A landmark along the Oregon Trail

A scandal during the Harding Administration related to the Secretary of Interior taking bribes in return for exclusive drilling rights in Wyoming

The nickname of the sidekick of Billy the Kid slain during the Lincoln County War

The title of a famous painting of Montana landscape by Albert Bierstadt

Which of these is the first colonial settlement in what is now thought of as the American West?
Fort Harrod, Kentucky

Santa Fe, New Mexico

San Antonio, Texas

New Orleans, Louisiana

What was the Ludlow Massacre?
An attack by U.S. Calvary on Sioux Indians

An attack on a camp of striking miners by state militia and forces hired by mine owners

An attack by Cayuse Indians on a mission settlement in what is now Washington state

A battle between rival groups of gold miners

Who walked the Trail of Tears?
Defeated Confederate soldiers

Settlers going West

Chinese railroad laborers

Indian peoples from the Eastern states

In 1893 how many buffalo remained of the more than 20 million that once roamed the plains?
10 million

1 million



Sources and further information: THE OXFORD COMPANION TO UNITED STATES HISTORY; Patricia Nelson Limerick, LEGACY OF CONQUEST; New Mexico State Archives; New Perspectives on the West; SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE; Trail of Tears National Historic Trail; State Archives of Kentucky; Yellowstone National Park; AMERICAN EXPERIENCE: THE ROCKEFELLERS; United Mine Workers of America.

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