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SAUDI ARABIA:

Are Saudi Billions Leaving America?
TIME.com reports on the changing relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia, and how a number of factors, includingthe mood of mistrust caused by 9/11, the $1 trillion lawsuit filed by families of the 9/11 victims against Saudi charities and individuals, and talk of freezing Saudi assets in the U.S., have led Saudi investors to pull out some $100 billion from U.S. institutions.

Arriyadh.com: International Islamic Relief Organization
Arriyadh.com, the official Web site of Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia, provides a profile of the International Islamic Relief Organization (IIRO). The IIRO defines itself as a purely humanitarian organization, but it is one of the charities being sued by the families of the 9/11 victims, who assert that it provides funds to Al-Qaeda.

History of Saudi Arabia
Countryreports.org provides a historical overview of Saudi Arabia, from the pre-Islamic period up to the current reign of Kind Fahd.

Massive Claims for U.S. Terror Attacks
This report from BBCNews documents the $1 trillion lawsuit filed by the families of the 9/11 victims against various Saudi individuals and institutions who have allegedly funded Al-Qaeda, and by extension, the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

Recipient Profiles of U.S. Arms Transfers: Saudi Arabia
The Federation of American Scientists' (FAS) Arms Monitoring Project documents U.S. arms sales and military assistance throughout the world. According to the FAS, Saudi Arabia is the America'snumber-one customer. Other features include statistics on U.S. arms deliveries to Saudi Arabia for 1990-2000 and a table on Congressional notifications of arms transfers to Saudi Arabia.

Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia: Response to CFR Report
The Saudi Embassy released this rebuttal to the Council of Foreign Relations' "Terrorist Financing" report (see below), which concluded that the Saudi government had "turned a blind eye" to individuals and institutions that had reputedly helped finance Al-Qaeda's network. The Saudi government has called the report an "opinion based on false and inconclusive information," and outlined the strategies and legislation it has implemented to combat terrorism.

Saudi Ad Blitz Seeks Brighter Image in U.S.
Christopher Marquis of the NEW YORK TIMES reports on the post-9/11 Saudi public relations campaign designed to convince Americans that the Saudi nation does not support terrorism.

Saudi Arabia: A Country Study
The Library of Congress offers this in-depth, comprehensive country study of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2001
The U.S. State Department issues yearly Human Rights Reports for the world. In the 2001 report, the U.S. labeled the Saudi regime's human rights practices "poor." According to the report, citizens have neither the right nor the legal means to change their government. Saudi security forces were cited for abuse of detainees and prisoners, arbitrary arrest, and detention. In addition, there were allegations that security forces committed torture. The report also stated, "The Government prohibits or restricts freedom of speech, the press, assembly, association, religion, and movement."

Saudi Arabia Profile from the U.S. State Department
The U.S. State Department's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs composed this background profile of Saudi Arabia. The profile contains information regarding the geography, people, government, economy, foreign relations, and U.S.-Saudi relations.

Saudi Arabian Embassy: History of Saudi Arabia
The Saudi Embassy provides a historical overview of Saudi Arabia. The Web page is broken into four historical periods: early history; Islamic history; modern history; and the legacy and the future.

Saudi Time Bomb?
FRONTLINE's "Saudi Time Bomb" explores the radical Islamist undercurrents that reverberate throughout Saudi Arabia. The Web page explores many aspects of this phenomenon, analyzing U.S. - Saudi relations, wahhabism, madrassas, and Saudi religious textbooks. Also, the "Saudi Time Bomb" Web page provides access to interviews with U.S. and Saudi government officials, and political and religious experts. There is also a section on "The Journey of Haroun Fazul," which describes "a young man's path from Saudi-funded religious training to Islamic terrorism."

Tackling the Financing of Terrorism in Saudi Arabia
In this Washington Institute Policy Watch essay, Matthew Levitt argues that much of the funding for terrorism originates in Saudi Arabia. In recounting the NATO raid on the Saudi High Commission for Aid to Bosnia, Levitt describes the materials discovered which implicate many segments of Saudi society in the financing of terrorism. Terrorist Financing: Report of an Independent Task Force Sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations
The Council on Foreign Relations released their Independent Task Force's report "Terrorist Financing," which reports, "For years, individuals and charities based in Saudi Arabia have been the most important source of funds for Al-Qaeda. And for years, Saudi officials have turned a blind eye to this problem."

U.S. Human Rights Report Includes Terror War Allies
This report from the CHICAGO TRIBUNE details the State Department's latest human rights report, describing the abuses of countries recruited into the U.S. War on Terror. U.S. officials maintain such partnerships give the U.S. the opportunity to pressure these states to improve their human rights record.


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