History Detectives traces one freed man's dream to return to Africa. By the early 19th century, the United States was home to increasing numbers of free blacks. In some places, much of the white establishment considered their status with growing alarm. In the south, where the slave system was most entrenched, free blacks were considered a threat to the status quo. Hostility and even violence against free blacks were common.
This tension gave birth to the Back to Africa movement. Over the next century, some 16,000 black Americans sailed to West Africa to establish the Republic of Liberia. It was one of the largest organized out-migrations in US history.
Vernetia Jenkins of Lynchburg, South Carolina has long been mystified by some old family letters, and their connection to Africa. One letter in particular, from 1877, has caught Vernetia's attention; it is from her grandmother's brother, Harvey McLeod, and it suggests that he was heading to Liberia, but did Harvey make it to Liberia?
- Also with Tukufu Zuberi Fiery Cross What is the story behind this record?
- Also with Tukufu Zuberi Nesbit Portrait Is this portrait a lost masterpiece by one of America's greatest artists?
- Also with Tukufu Zuberi Lindbergh Engine Could a 24-year-old have single-handedly built the engine for Lindbergh's plane?
- Related Investigation Slave Songbook Are these tattered pages the earliest record of music created by slaves?
- Also in Season 7 WPA Mural Studies Are these unusual paintings part of the biggest job creation program in America's history?
- Related Investigation George Washington Miniature Did the artist paint this portrait from life, and what is its surprising connection to the abolitionist White Matlack?
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