# Math Developing Your Two-Year-Old's Problem-Solving Skills

When you hear the word "math," you probably think about adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing. To solve these operations — and more complicated ones down the road — kids need problem-solving skills and number sense. Number sense is the ability to understand what numbers mean, how they relate to one another and how they can be used in real-world situations. Young children are learning basic, foundational math concepts: when we put cookies in a jar, the amount gets larger (addition); when we take cookies out of the jar, the amount gets smaller (subtraction).

## Encourage early problem-solving skills:

### Practice Comparing Amounts

Making comparisons is a great start to thinking mathematically. If you give your child two animal crackers and yourself four, no doubt your child can tell who has more and who has less! Throughout the day, ask him to compare the number of blocks in two towers, books in piles, stickers on a chart or food on plates. Build his brainpower by using the words "more," "less" and "the same."

#### Fair Shares

Curious George wants to share an equal number of treats between dogs. Your child can practice counting and comparison skills while helping George distribute the treats.

### Use Subtraction at Mealtime

Your child is learning about subtraction all the time. Consider using mealtimes as a launchpad for discovery. Say something like: "I see you have three apple slices. How many will you have if you eat one?" When she eats one, help her figure out how many are left.

Your child can practice addition and subtraction by helping you create a ladybug with up to 10 spots!

### Create a Tower of Blocks

Building with blocks is a great way to explore addition with your child. Have her start with one block and add one block more. Ask: "How many blocks are in this tower? How many will we have if we add one more?" See how high the tower can go!

#### Play "How Many Ways Old Are You?"

Does your child love to tell people his age? Together with your child, explore numbers and counting by figuring out how many ways your child can express his age.

Help your child do some mental addition and subtraction with the number 2. While you are playing with toys (such as blocks, dolls, etc.) hold one up and point out that there is one item. Then ask your child how many there would be if you added another. If you put one behind your back, how many are left? It might take him a while to do the mental math, so start by counting together.

#### PBS Parents Play & Learn

Designed specifically with parents in mind, this app provides more than a dozen math and literacy games that parents can play with their kids. Each game builds on the natural curiosity of children and is themed around a familiar location like the garden or grocery store.