When kids sit next to a caring adult and hear engaging stories, they develop positive associations with books. Reading aloud to your child strengthens the part of their brain associated with visual imagery, the ability to understand stories and word meaning. When you read to your four-year-old, they pick up on important book smarts, like how to hold a book, which direction to turn the pages, what an author is and where to find the title. These skills are called "concepts about print," and they help kids prepare to be successful independent readers.
Literacy The Benefits of Reading Aloud to Your Four-Year-Old
Make the most out of story time:
Make Story Predictions
Experts recommend that parents and caregivers ask kids to predict what will happen next when reading a book together. This builds key literacy skills such as understanding sequencing, plot structure, character motivation and cause and effect. It's as simple as stopping periodically and asking questions like:
- What do you think is going to happen next?
- Oh no! What is she going to do now?
- What would you do if you were him?
- How are they going to solve this problem?
After they share their idea, respond with "Let's keep reading and find out what happens."
Elmo's World: Books
Elmo wants to make a book. Your child can choose one of the titles -- Up and Away, Under the Sea, or Blast Off -- and then add colors and stickers to the pictures to help Elmo make his book.Play This Game
Read the Pictures
Illustrations can help kids build their vocabulary and start to understand emotions. When a sad, happy, angry or surprising event occurs, pause to look at the characters' facial expressions. Ask, "How do you think she's feeling right now?" Authors who are particularly skilled at portraying emotions in both words and pictures include Kevin Henkes, Patricia Polacco, Arnold Lobel and Mo Willems.
In this game, your child can practice reading skills by matching words and pictures to the missing pieces of four different stories.Play This Game
Get a Library Card
Parents sometimes struggle to find books that will hold their child's attention. The children's room at your local library can be your best ally. Browse the stacks and displays or — better yet — ask the librarian for recommendations based on your child's age and interests. Many libraries host story hour — a great opportunity not only to expose your child to reading but also to hear how another adult reads and engages kids with books. For online book recommendations by age, try Reading Rockets great read alouds for babies through Grade 3.
Act Out the Life Cycle of a Butterfly
A trip to your local library can be lots of fun! Help your child find a book on butterflies and metamorphosis and then act out how a caterpillar turns into a butterfly.Do This Activity
Give Kids a "Part"
Predictable books follow a pattern — such as repeated lines or obvious sequences (days of the week, letters or numbers). Young kids love "Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?" and, more recently, the Pete the Cat series, because they can quickly anticipate what comes next and can become involved in the reading experience. Once children pick up on the pattern, prompt them to recite key lines or complete a sentence that you start. Nursery rhymes and rhyming books, such as "The Cat in the Hat" or "Chicka Chicka Boom Boom," also help to get children involved in the story.
Rock 'N Read Jukebox
This collection of Super Why songs focuses on early literacy skills including the alphabet, rhyming, and understanding the sounds letters and words make.Play This Game
Make Connections to Real Life
Strong readers aren't passive — their minds are constantly making connections between what they read and the world around them. As you read aloud, pause to connect the book to other books you have read together, to your memories or to places or events you both know. For example:
- The grandma in this story reminds me of your grandma. They both love making pies and telling stories.
- Hey, she has brown eyes and loves dinosaurs — just like you !
- Look at all those tall buildings! It looks a little bit like New York City, where your uncle lives.
- He seems nervous about the first day of school. Do you remember your first day of school?
- There's a bear in this story! What other stories have we read about bears?
Your child can read and play with Daniel Tiger in this interactive story about a time when Prince Tuesday babysits and Daniel keeps in mind that 'grown ups come back.'Play This Game
Pause Before Turning the Page
It's tempting to rush through books on the way to another activity. But by occasionally pressing the "pause button" before you turn a page — stopping to notice something about a picture, to explain a word, to ask a question, to make room for your child to ask a question — you can support your child's learning. Prompts like these show kids that you are engaged in the story too: "Wow. Why did he do that?" or "Oh my. I wonder what she's going to do now!"
Explore Wedding Traditions
Reading stories and talking about weddings can help your child learn about your own family traditions and wedding traditions from cultures around the world.Do This Activity
Raise a Reader with Sesame Street
On this very special street, children learn early language and literacy skills such as letter knowledge, vocabulary, and reading and writing fundamentals.Find Activities
Activity Finder: Learn With Your Four-Year-Old
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Gingerbread Cookie Letters
Baking with your child offers the opportunity to explore many math, science, and literacy skills. Try baking these fun gingerbread cookie letters to practice letter recognition and letter sounds.
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PBS Parents Play & Learn
Designed specifically with parents in mind, this app provides more than a dozen math and literacy games that parents can play with their kids. Each game builds on the natural curiosity of children and is themed around a familiar location like the garden or grocery store.
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Your child can learn about food groups and sorting foods in this game where Woofster needs help finding ingredients for a meal for the Super Readers!
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Magician Sheep Performs a Magic Trick
Sheep needs to spell the word "HAT" to finish her magic trick. Your child can sound out and spell the word together with Sheep.