The world is filled with ways to measure: length, height, weight, capacity, money, temperature and time…to name just a few! Your child's understanding of measurement begins with vocabulary development at age four. You can help by using mathematical terms to describe amounts and sizes — for example, saying “tall” or “long” instead of “big.” Simple measuring and sorting activities lay the groundwork for later learning and are easy to incorporate into your daily routines. Don't be surprised if soon your child wants to measure everything around them!
Math Helping Your Four-Year-Old Understand Measurement and Sorting
Easy ways to talk about measurement:
Believe it or not, your child is not too young to help out with some chores around the house! Incorporate a little math learning while sorting laundry. You can start by having him match up socks or put all the towels in one pile. When he’s ready, have him help you by naming which article of clothing belongs to whom. All of this involves the important skills of classification and sorting.
Oscar's Trash Collection
Oscar needs help sorting his trash. Your child can help Oscar by sorting the trash onto shelves according to shape, color or pattern.Play This Game
Create a Growth Chart
Children love to see how tall they've grown. Mark your child's height on a wall or growth chart. Repeat this every few months and note how much taller they are. Compare their height to the height of siblings or other family members.
Jump and Measure!
Using blocks as an informal measuring tool, play a jumping game that also reinforces the math skill of measurement. How far can your child can move in one jump?Do This Activity
Explore Math Through Nature
At the park or during a nature walk, let children collect items that catch their attention, such as twigs, pebbles and leaves. Then sort them into piles by type, counting together as you do. Be sure to explain which objects should be left alone, such as poisonous plants and small animals or insects.
Growing Takes Time
Growing plants can help your child see day-to-day progress of living things growing. Try this activity to sprout beans and then plant them in a garden or window pot.Do This Activity
Talk About Morning, Afternoon and Night
Your child is just starting to get a sense of measuring time. Discuss what kinds of activities you do during these times. Have them help you make a picture chart of morning and bedtime routines. Having the pictures to refer to might even make bedtime go a little bit easier once they understand that it will start all over again tomorrow!
Your child can become "Master of the Morning" by coloring and earning these morning routine reward badges.Do This Activity
Practice Measuring and Capacity at Bath Time
Bring different-size plastic cups or containers into the bathtub to experiment with capacity. Discuss which container holds the most water and which holds the least. Use the smallest container to count how many times you need to dump water into the larger container to fill it up.
In this Dinosaur Train game, your child can learn about displacement and volume. Help your child find the right types of dinosaurs to raise the water level of the swimming hole to the right number!Play This Game
Help Your Child Learn to Love Math with Peg + Cat
Through engaging stories and comedy, Peg + Cat encourages your child to see math as exciting, accessible, and fun. The show teaches measurement, shapes and patterns, and problem-solving skills that children can use in their everyday lives.Find Activities
Activity Finder: Learn With Your Four-Year-Old
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Making Paper Chains
Making paper chains can be a fun way for your child to practice fine motor skills or patterning and can offer an opportunity for two children to practice working together to create a bigger project.
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The Electric Company Party Game
HEY YOU GUYYYYYS! Marcus and Jessica are stuck on Prankster Planet and need your help to get back to Earth! Play this fast-paced board game filled with physical challenges, silly brainstorms, and math questions.
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The Hungry Games
Cookie Monster is collecting gems. Your child can run and jump to help Cookie Monster gather his collection and then play color, shape and pattern games with the gems.
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Vole: Creature Power
The Kratts introduce a small mammal which can survive the winter with the help of snow!