When kids sit next to a caring adult and hear engaging stories, they develop positive associations with books. Reading aloud to your child strengthens the part of their brain associated with visual imagery, the ability to understand stories and word meaning. When you read to your five-year-old, they pick up on important book smarts, like how to hold a book, which direction to turn the pages, what an author is and where to find the title. These skills are called "concepts about print," and they help kids prepare to be successful independent readers.
Literacy The Benefits of Reading Aloud to Your Five-Year-Old
Make the most out of story time:
Make Story Predictions
Experts recommend that parents and caregivers ask kids to predict what will happen next when reading a book together. This builds key literacy skills such as understanding sequencing, plot structure, character motivation and cause and effect. It's as simple as stopping periodically and asking questions like:
- What do you think is going to happen next?
- Oh no! What is she going to do now?
- What would you do if you were him?
- How are they going to solve this problem?
After they share their idea, respond with "Let's keep reading and find out what happens."
Super Why! Power to Read
Super Why, Wonder Red, Princess Presto, and Alpha Pig can help your child practice reading, writing, spelling, and rhyming!Play This Game
Give Kids a "Part"
Predictable books follow a pattern — such as repeated lines or obvious sequences (days of the week, letters or numbers). Young kids love "Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?" and, more recently, the Pete the Cat series, because they can quickly anticipate what comes next and can become involved in the reading experience. Once children pick up on the pattern, prompt them to recite key lines or complete a sentence that you start. Nursery rhymes and rhyming books, such as "The Cat in the Hat" or "Chicka Chicka Boom Boom," also help to get children involved in the story.
Super Song...Super Band
Making music in your home can be easy with these simple ideas for creating maracas, drums, and horns.Do This Activity
Get a Library Card
Parents sometimes struggle to find books that will hold their child's attention. The children's room at your local library can be your best ally. Browse the stacks and displays or — better yet — ask the librarian for recommendations based on your child's age and interests. Many libraries host story hour — a great opportunity not only to expose your child to reading but also to hear how another adult reads and engages kids with books. For online book recommendations by age, try Reading Rockets great read alouds for babies through Grade 3.
Explore Your Local Library
Going to the library and getting a library card can be a fun and memorable experience for your child. Prepare for your first visit by setting up a pretend library using the books in your home.Do This Activity
Make Connections to Real Life
Strong readers aren't passive — their minds are constantly making connections between what they read and the world around them. As you read aloud, pause to connect the book to other books you have read together, to your memories or to places or events you both know. For example:
- The grandma in this story reminds me of your grandma. They both love making pies and telling stories.
- Hey, she has brown eyes and loves dinosaurs — just like you !
- Look at all those tall buildings! It looks a little bit like New York City, where your uncle lives.
- He seems nervous about the first day of school. Do you remember your first day of school?
- There's a bear in this story! What other stories have we read about bears?
Neighborhood Clean Up
Daniel, Katerina, and their neighbors work together to clean up their playground. Your child can learn about recycling, community involvement, and reading skills in this story.Play This Game
Pause Before Turning the Page
It's tempting to rush through books on the way to another activity. But by occasionally pressing the "pause button" before you turn a page — stopping to notice something about a picture, to explain a word, to ask a question, to make room for your child to ask a question — you can support your child's learning. Prompts like these show kids that you are engaged in the story too: "Wow. Why did he do that?" or "Oh my. I wonder what she's going to do now!"
Explore Wedding Traditions
Reading stories and talking about weddings can help your child learn about your own family traditions and wedding traditions from cultures around the world.Do This Activity
Raise a Reader with Super Why
Super Why introduces children to the power of reading -- and helps kids develop problem-solving skills along the way. Through engaging stories and games, your child can practice key skills like letter identification, word decoding, spelling, vocabulary and comprehension.Find Activities
Activity Finder: Learn With Your Five-Year-Old
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Martha Speaks Word Spinner
Help your child build storytelling and oral vocabulary skills while playing six interactive mini-games with the whole family.